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Communication Sciences & Disorders

Journal Articles | Background | Books & Videos | Tests, Etc.

Style Manuals

Authors submitting articles to CSD journals may need to be familiar with more than one style manual due to the interdisciplinary nature of the field.  Exs:

Journal of the American Academy of Audiology Chicago (Turabian)
Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology American Psychological Association
Journal of Voice American Medical Association
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools  (LSHSS) American Psychological Association


Citation Examples


Journal exs. except as noted; note differences in spacing, capitalization and punctuation. 

APA style (from LSHSS and Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology):

NOTE:   The new 6th ed. of APA requires the use of a doi (digital object identifier) whenever available.   See   More APA exs.   for further info.


Bernhardt, B., & Major, A. (2005).  Speech, language and literacy skills 3 years later: A follow-up

   study of early phonological and metaphonological intervention. International Journal of Language

   and Communication Disorders, 40, 1-27.  doi:10.1080/13682820410001686004 [journal ex.]

Camp, C. J., Bird, M. J., & Cherry, K. E. (2000). Retrieval strategies as a rehabilitation aid for

    cognitive loss in pathological aging.  In R. D. Hill, L. Backman, & A.S. Neely (Eds.),
    Cognitive rehabilitation in old age (pp. 224-248). New York: Oxford University Press. 
    [book chapter ex.]


Chicago style (from the Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, using MEDLINE journal abbreviations):

Buckley K, Sharma A, Tobey E. (2003).  Effect of hearing impairment on P1, N1 P2 auditory
    evoked potentials.  Paper presented at the American Academy of Audiology Convention,
    San Antonio, TX.   [conference paper ex.]

McDermott HJ, Knight MR. (2001).  Preliminary results with the AVR ImpaCt frequency-
    transposing hearing aid. J Am Acad Audiol 12:121-127. [journal ex.]

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. (2005) Fact Sheet on Wegener's

   Granulomatosis.  Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health:

   factsheeets/wegener.htm.   [website]                   


AMA style (from Journal of Voice, using MEDLINE journal abbreviations)

Boone DR, McFarlane SC. The voice and voice therapy.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall;

    1994. [book ex.]

Spiegel JR, Sataloff RT.  Laryngeal trauma. In Sataloff RT, ed., Professional voice - the science     and art of clinical care. 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Singular Publishing Group; 1997:665-672.

    [book chapter ex.]

Wuyts FL, DeBodt MS, Molenberghs G, et al. The dysphonia severity index: an objective     measure of vocal quality based on a multiparameter approach. J Speech Lang Hear Res.     2000;43:796-809.


Additional citation examples:    See Carrier Library's Style Manuals webpage.



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This page last reviewed by J. Anderson 09/10/2009
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