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This guide supports the Journalism program within SMAD as well as general researchers and journalists. Learn more about SMAD's Journalism concentration.



Encyclopedias & Dictionaries

To answer quick questions about journalism.



Associated Press Stylebook & Briefing on Media Law (Carrier REF PN 4783 .A83 2002)

Which words to use and the legal nuts and bolts.

BBC College of Journalism (Online)

BBC CoJo is a website that includes hundreds of videos, audio clips, discussion pages, interactive modules, and text pages covering every aspect of TV, radio, and online journalism.

Encyclopedia of Journalism (Online)

Comprehensive analysis of all aspects of journalism.

Freedom of the Press (Carrier REF PN 4736 .F74 and online)

Also good for info on worldwide censorship.  Comes out annually. Find back to 2003 in Carrier Stacks and the most recent one in Carrier Reference.

World Press Encyclopedia (Carrier REF PN 4728 .Q53 2003 and online)

Comprehensive survey of press and electronic media for nearly 200 countries. Excellent source for censorship issues throughout the world.

Directories of Newspapers and Magazines

Historical and current directories that describe newspapers and magazines are located in two Reference areas. Most of the titles are at PN 4700 to PN 5115. Additional titles are at Z 6941. Consider browsing both locations.

Circulation Statistics

These directories will tell you how many people received the publication in a particular year.

Editor & Publisher International Year Book (Carrier REF PN 4700 .E42 2004)

Volumes back to 1973 in the stacks provide historical statistics. Current issues found in Reference.

Rowell's & Ayer's American Newspaper Directories (online)

Historical circulation statistics from 1869 to 1920. Digitized newspaper directory which provides basic facts (editor name, subscription cost) as well as advertising and circulation statistics about publications from 1869 to 1920. It was published under various titles including Rowell's American Newspaper Directory, and N.W. Ayer & Son's American Newspaper Annual and Directory.

Serials Directory (Carrier REF Z 6941 .S464 1999)

Current issues only.

Bowker's News Media Directory (Carrier REF PN 4877 .B69)

Current issues only.





JMU Libraries has many books about Journalism. To get you started, here are a few possible subject headings to search in LEO and the shelf areas to browse.


Search in LEO

Browse by Call Numbers

Sports Journalism

Mass Media and Sports

Carrier GV 742

Authorship Style Manuals


Carrier PN 160-162


Journalistic Ethics

Carrier PN 4699-5650
ECL TR 820-822

Freedom of Expression

Freedom of the Press

Government and the Press

Carrier KF 4770-4775

Carrier Z 657-659

Carrier JC 594-598

Carrier KF 1262-1263

Carrier KF 1266


Intellectual Property

Carrier KF 2971-3193

Carrier Z 551-656



Journal and Magazine Articles

Journalism Resources with Articles (from journals)

Search a database to find articles on specific topics.

Periodical Locator Journalism Browse

See a list of journals, newspapers and magazines about journalism.



Legal Research

Mass Communication Law (SMAD 370)
Guide for researching mass communication law cases and topics. Created for SMAD 370, Mass Communication Law.


Legal Abbreviations & References
Cheat sheet for interpreting legal citations and abbreviations.




Production Resources: Checking your Facts

Quickly get your facts straight with these general resources.



Online reference book chronicles American events, people, and places for each decade
Searches subscribed CQ Press reference works and historical documents.
Coverage: 1972 - present
Search over 500 reference titles using Credo.
Need quick info for a current events paper? Find full-text news organized by the most current topics.
Coverage: 1977 - present
Europa World provides the latest information covering political elections, country profiles, and industry statistics....
Coverage: 1996 - present
Facts and overviews of historic events and issues since 1940.
Coverage: 1940 - present
Full text analysis of opposing viewpoints for more than 600 controversial topics in the news...
Coverage: 1995 - present
Contains secondary and primary sources discussing today's social issues...
Coverage: Varies by title



Production Resources: Source Files



Finding Images at JMU

A collection of online resources for finding images, many of which can be used in production projects. This link takes you to the Research Databases & Resources area of our website.

Finding Statistics & Datasets at JMU

See JMU Librarians' top recommendations for finding statistics & datasets.

AP Images (Accuweather/AP) (1500’s to date)

This database is included in the Finding Images at JMU guide and deserves extra attention. Search and reuse photos as well as charts and graphs created by the Associated Press. Students can use these in class projects and presentations.




Primary Sources: Broadcast Transcripts

LexisNexis Academic

Includes broadcast news transcripts from ABC, BBC, CBS, CNN, Fox, NBC, and more.

Vanderbilt Television News Archive

Streaming video of news from CBS (1968 to date) and CNN (1995 to date) plus indexing of television network news from all the major networks, 1968 to date.



Primary Sources: Current Newspapers

The following indexes, collections and individual newspapers are excellent primary sources if you are studying current journalism including issues of bias and audience.

Provides full-text for over 600 U.S. and over 700 international news sources.
Coverage: 1977 - present
Daily News-Record online with links to other area newspapers.  Read the headlines.
Daily News-Record Search and Archives via Readex, 1993-present (JMU users get archival articles for free)
Coverage: 1993 - one day ago
Gateway to business resources including full text periodicals, news photographs, company reports, and financial data.
Full text and indexing for ethnic, minority, and international newspapers and magazines...
Coverage: 1990 - Present
Contains several full-text databases: current news, laws and legislation, business and company information and more...
Coverage: Current
Full page and article images with searchable full text back to the first issue to about 3 years ago...
Coverage: Sept 18,1851 - about 3 years ago
Selected full text for U.S. and international newspapers...
Coverage: 1975 - present
Full page and article images with searchable full text back to the first issue to about 15 years ago...
Coverage: Dec 12, 1877 - 1990



Primary Sources: Historical Newspapers

The following indexes, collections and individual titles provide historical news articles.



Cover-to-cover digital facsimiles of 1,000 historic newspapers from every state. [more info]
Coverage: 1690 - 1922
Digitized page images from American magazines and journals of all types. Titles range from some of the first... [more info]
Coverage: 1741 - 1940
The British Newspaper Archive contains millions of digitized newspapers owned by the British Library.  While searching is free, there is a fee to download full text articles. JMU Libraries are not responsible for paying these fees. [more info]
Collection of digitized American newspapers from 1860 to 1922, as well as a directory of non-digitized newspapers from 1690 to the present.  [more info]
Coverage: 1690 - present
Search or browse the 17th and 18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers19th Century British Newspapers, 19th Century US Newspapers, 19th Century UK Periodicals, Times Digital Archive, and the Times Literary Supplement at once. [more info]
A full-text database of Harper's Weekly text and images from the 19th century (1857-1912) ... [more info]
Coverage: 1857 - 1912
Full page and article images with searchable full text back to the first issue to about 3 years ago... [more info]
Coverage: Sept 18,1851 - about 3 years ago
Access full text historical newspapers in pdf format. JMU subscribes to select VA newspapers only (excluding coverage from 2007). Content from all other cities and states is not available. See the [more info] link for city details. Dates of coverage varies by title. [more info]
Coverage: 1844 - 2009
Contains the full-text of the most successful Colonial American newspaper... [more info]
Coverage: 1728 - 1800
Full text for journals published in the arts, humanities and social sciences. [more info]
Coverage: 1802 - 2000
Find news articles from Ethnic NewsWatch, Chicago Defender (1910-1975), New York Times Historical (1851-2009), and the Washington Post Historical (1877-1996) in a single search. [more info]
This collection, based on The Warwick Guide to British Labour Periodicals, 1790–1970 (Royden Harrison, Gillian B. Woolven, and Robert Duncan, comps., 1977), comprises more than 100 periodicals, many of which are rare and or difficult to obtain. [more info]
Coverage: 1800 - 1933
Indexes the most popular general-interest periodicals published in the United States from 1890 to 1982. [more info]
Coverage: 1890 - 1982
The United States Newspaper Program is a cooperative national effort...
[more info]



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