A Guide to the Office of Affirmative Action Records, 1977-1988

UA 0005

Compiled by: Gabriel A. Walman, 2009
Updated by: Selena St. Andre, February 2018

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

Title: Office of Affirmative Action Records, 1977-1988

Collection No.: UA 0005
Creator: JMU Office of Affirmative Action (now JMU Office of Equal Opportunity)

Extent: 1 box, .33 cubic feet

Language: English

Abstract: The Office of Affirmative Action Records, 1977-1988, consist of documents and correspondence concerning the planning and implementation of affirmative action in Virginia, particularly at James Madison University. Included are reports, data and correspondence from the University and state and federal government.

 

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: Collection open to research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the James Madison University Special Collections Library to use this collection.

Use Restrictions: Copyright for official University records is held by James Madison University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk (library-special@jmu.edu).

Preferred Citation: [identification of item], [box #, folder #], Office of Affirmative Action Records, 1977-1988, UA 0005, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

Acquistion Information: Transferred from the JMU Office of Affirmative Action, now JMU Office of Equal Opportunity, in three accessions: two in 1990 and the last in 1992. The accession numbers were 90-0501, 90-0829, and 92-0526.

Processing Information: In order to streamline the process of applying collection numbers, Special Collections staff completed a large-scale renumbering campaign in the spring of 2017.The collection was previously cataloged as AF 90-0501. In addition, the collection was previously titled “Affirmative Action Collection, 1977-1986.” During the 2018 update, the collection was reorganized from an alphabetical to chronological arrangement.

 

Administrative History:

The Office of Affirmative Action at James Madison University was established in 1985. As an office, some of their responsibilities and goals included, but were not limited to:

Before the Office of Affirmative Action was officially established, JMU had an Affirmative Action Officer in place to oversee minority student and faculty recruitment and make sure JMU was meeting intended targets as laid out in their Affirmative Action Plan, a plan required by Virginia state law to increase integration in schools of higher education. The idea of an Affirmative Action Officer came from the Faculty Women’s Caucus.

In response to the unequal balance in male and female faculty at Madison College, the Caucus established their own affirmative action committee in 1974. The committee was also created as a response to the overall lack of female faculty being appointed to higher administration positions. The committee was the Caucus’ way to fully address their concerns with administration and then president, Dr. Ronald E. Carrier. In 1979, the committee recommended that the University appoint an Affirmative Action Officer that would be committed to solving problems faced by minority groups at JMU and that the Caucus’ committee should serve as a resource to the appointed officer. Throughout the 1980s, the committee also recommend that it should advise the University administration and faculty concerning minority policies. Between the 1982-1984 school years, the committee recommended that a full-time Affirmative Action Officer be hired, even though Dr. John P. Mundy was serving as Affirmative Action Officer at this time. On March 15, 1984, Dr. Mundy was quoted in the University newspaper The Breeze as stating “We don’t want to keep them [women] in the lower levels [of administration and job positions], but they’re just not qualified to fill the higher paying positions” The article, titled “Administrator says women less qualified,” discussed the pay gap between female and male faculty members. Two weeks after the article was published, the Caucus sent a letter to President Carrier expressing their anger and disappointment about Dr. Mundy’s quote. This letter expressed the Caucus’ belief that JMU had the potential to be a great University but had a significant amount of work to do in order to become a model for other universities. The letter highlighted these points:

In addition to highlighting certain points, the letter also ends with recommendations to Dr. Carrier about the next steps to take, including:

The most important of these recommendations was the formation of an Affirmative Action Office at JMU. As another consequence of The Breeze article, Dr. Carrier replaced Dr. Mundy as Affirmative Action Officer with Dr. Elizabeth Ihle from the College of Education. As the new officer, Dr. Ihle oversaw the establishment of the Office of Affirmative Action in 1985. Dr. Ihle is briefly mentioned as the Affirmative Action Officer in the meeting minutes of the Board of Visitors on April 11, 1987 and was promoted from an associate professor to a professor in 1987.

The idea to develop an Office of Equal Opportunity was first discussed during the 1985-1986 school year. As one of their goals in 1985, the Office of Affirmative Action wanted to combine their services with those of Disability Services in order to create a streamlined office to deal with all the needs and challenges that students and faculty might come across at JMU. In 2005, the Office of Affirmative Action became the Office of Equal Opportunity.

Scope and Content:

The Office of Affirmative Action Records, 1977-1988, consist of one box containing fifteen folders of documents regarding the planning and implementation of affirmative action in Virginia and in particular at James Madison University. The collection contains letters between the University and the state and federal government as well as a number of charts, figures, and notes regarding the number of minority students and faculty at JMU and other Virginia state institutions.

Arrangement:

The collection is arranged chronologically then alphabetically where the dates are the same.

Bibliography:

African American Experience: 1980-1984; 1990-1992. Vertical File. Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

Boxes 3 and 4, Office of the President: Board of Visitors, 1908-2001, UA 0010, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

Boxes 3 and 4, Office of the President: Board of Visitors, 1908-2001, UA 0010, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

Scarton, Tammy. “Administrator Says Women Less Qualified.” The Breeze, March 15, 1984. Accessed February 13, 2018. http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/i19801989/246/.

Rummel, Rose Mary, Dorothy Boyd-Rush, Elizabeth Neatrour, Judith Blankenburg, Crystal Theodore, and Patricia Bruce. The History of James Madison University Faculty Women's Caucus, 1973-1984. Harrisonburg, VA.: James Madison University Faculty Women's Caucus, 1986.

Related Materials:

Self Studies, SE 92-0929, Department and Committee Self Study Reports; and AA 99-0914, Academic Program Reviews, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

Ronald E. Carrier Collection, 1965-1998,PR 2000-0516B, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

Rummel, Rose Mary, Dorothy Boyd-Rush, Elizabeth Neatrour, Judith Blankenburg, Crystal Theodore, and Patricia Bruce. The History of James Madison University Faculty Women's Caucus, 1973-1984. Harrisonburg, VA.: James Madison University Faculty Women's Caucus, 1986.

Contents:

Arranged chronologically then alphabetically.

The Office of Affirmative Action Records, 1977-1988, is comprised of state and federal correspondence, documents, booklets, and reports regarding affirmative action at James Madison University and across Virginia. State and federal correspondence includes: photocopied letters from Governor Ellis B. Godwin, letters from former Secretary of Education Dr. Robert Ramsey, letters to the former Director of the Office of Civil Rights in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, David S. Tatel, and letters to and from former University president, Dr. Ronald E. Carrier. Some of this correspondence includes guidelines for educational institutions concerning their implementation of affirmative action, and evaluations of the overall effectiveness of affirmative action throughout Virginia.The collection also includes a number of booklets, charts, reports, data, and financial costs concerning JMU and other Virginia state institutions as well as reports from the Office of Career Placement & Planning.

Folder Title Box : Folder
Desegregation Guidelines & Correspondence, 1977 1:1
Affirmative Action Student Plan, July 1, 1978 - Sept 30, 1978 1:2
Affirmative Action Employment Plan, July 1, 1978 - Sept 1, 1979 1:3
Charts and Figures, 1978-1981 1:4
Numerical Employment Objectives for Faculty, May 1980 1:5
Follow Up Report for the Class of 1982, 1983 1:6
Amendments to Affirmative Action Student Plan, February 17, 1983 1:7
Amendments to Affirmative Action Employment, March 27, 1983 1:8
Amendments to Affirmative Action Student Plan, July 26, 1983 1:9
Follow Up Report for the Class of 1983, 1984 1:10
Follow Up Report for the Class of 1985, 1986 1:11
Follow Up Report for the Class of 1986, 1987 1:12
Affirmative Action Plan for Classified Employees, July 1, 1986 - June 30, 1988 1:13
Instructional and Administrative Faculty, July 1, 1986 - June 30, 1988 1:14
Student Affirmative Action Plan, July 1, 1986 - June 30, 1988 1:15