A Guide to the U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Records, 1917-1994

SC 0083

Compiled by: Chris Bolgiano, March 1998

Revised by: Alicia Henneberry, September 2013

Descriptive Summary

 

Repository: Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

Title: U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Records, 1917-1994

Collection No.: SC 0083

Creator: U.S. Forest Service

Extent: 2 Hollinger boxes, 12 maps

Language: English

Abstract: This collection consists of photographs, memos, letters, pamphlets and more, all relating to the George Washington National Park, Dry River District. Most of the materials concern the fire-fighting activities of the park, while others relate to the activities of the Civilian Conservation Corps and recreation of the park. There are also 12 maps of the Forest and several photographs included.

 

Administrative Information

 

Access Restrictions: Collection is open to research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the James Madison University Special Collections Library to use this collection.

Use Restrictions: The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collections Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk (library-special@jmu.edu).

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], [box #, folder #], U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Records, 1917-1994, SC 0083, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

Acquisition Information: Donated February 1998 by District Ranger Stephen Parsons.

Processing Information: During initial processing, photographs were removed from box:folders 2:1-2:3 and grouped into the folder Miscellaneous Photographs. In order to streamline the process of applying collection numbers, Special Collections staff completed a large-scale renumbering campaign in the spring of 2017. This collection was previously cataloged as SC 3014.

Administrative History:  The George Washington National Forest was created after the enactment of the 1891 Forest Reserve Act, which was brought in front of Congress in response to the extensive damage done to the Shenandoah Valley by farming, timber, mining, hunting, and natural devastation. In 1911, the Weeks Act passed, which allowed the federal government to purchase land to be used for preservation. In 1917, three plots of purchased land in Virginia were combined to create the Shenandoah National Forest, later renamed the George Washington National Forest. The first ever Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp, Camp Roosevelt, was established in the George Washington National Forest, and began work on constructing the roads, campgrounds, fire towers and more. A total of 14 camps were eventually opened in the forest. The 1960 Multiple-use Sustained-Yield Act and the 1973 Threatened and Endangered Species helped the animal and plant population thrive in the forest, and help it to become the popular recreational hotspot it is today.

 

Scope and Content: The U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Records, 1917-1994, consist of two Hollinger boxes and twelve maps. Most file materials concern the Dry River District, which currently incorporates 227,000 acres on both sides of Shenandoah Mountain from State Route 259 in the north to Lookout Mountain and State Route 728 in the south, although locations in some other districts are mentioned. Most materials concern the fire-fighting activities undertaken by employees of Shenandoah National Forest, the predecessor of the George Washington National Forest. Fighting forest arson, prevalent during the first half of the twentieth century, was at that time one of the U.S. Forest Service's foremost goals. There are also some items relevant to recreational and historical topics.

 

Arrangement: The collection is arranged topically in two boxes with oversize maps stored in Map Case 3:3 in flat map storage.

 

Bibliography: USDA Forest Service, George Washington and Jefferson National Forest

http://www.fs.usda.gov/main/gwj/learning/history-culture

 

Contents:

Folder Title Box:Folder
Standard Lookout Structure Plans, 1938 1:1
Recreation, 1917-1934 2:1
Camp Todd, 1932-1968 2:2
Fire Reports, 1917-1919  2:3
High Knob Fire Tower, 1946-1994 2:4
Fire Warden System, 1922-1957  2:5
Fire Tower Specifications, 1917-1990 2:6
Civilian Conservation Corp photographs 2:7
Miscellaneous photographs 2:8
Map no. 1, Massanutten National Forest, 1917 Map Case 3:3, Folder 1
Map no. 2, Shenandoah National Forest, 1917 Map Case 3:3, Folder 1
Map no. 3, Shenandoah National Forest, oversize, with acquisition boundaries, 1920 Map Case 3:3, Folder 1
Map no. 4, Massanutten Division, Shenandoah National Forest, 1925 Map Case 3:3, Folder 1
Map no. 5, Shenandoah National Forest, with text for general public, 1927 Map Case 3:3, Folder 1
Map no. 6, Shenandoah National Forest, with typed and penned text updates appended, 1927 Map Case 3:3, Folder 1
Map no. 7, Shenandoah National Forest, large, 1927 Map Case 3:3, Folder 1
Map no. 8, Shenandoah National Forest, with fire and ranger district boundaries drawn in and table of acreage, 1927 Map Case 3:3, Folder 1
Map no. 9 Shenandoah National Forest, with approved and recommended change in boundaries drawn in and table, 1927, 1932 Map Case 3:3, Folder 2
Map no. 10, George Washington National Forest, with text for general public, 1932 Map Case 3:3, Folder 2
Map no. 11, George Washington National Forest, with fire and ranger district boundaries drawn in, 1930s Map Case 3:3, Folder 2
Map no. 12, George Washington National Forest Charcoal-Iron Furnaces, 1971 Map Case 3:3, Folder 2