Affidavits for Ardent Spirits Collection, 1916-1917

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Descriptive Summary

 

Repository: Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

Title: Affidavits for Ardent Spirits Collection, 1916-1917

Collection No.: SC 0091
Creator: Unknown

Extent: 1 hollinger box; .33 cubic feet

Language: English

Abstract: The Affidavits for Ardent Spirits Collection, 1916-1917, consists of one Hollinger box of records documenting the inventory, sale, and transport of alcohol for medicinal purposes in Rockingham County. The collection references carrier companies such as Southern Express, Adams Express, and Wells Fargo, and local pharmacies and druggists such as Elkton Bottling Co., Aldhizer & Son Druggists, and Fletcher's Pharmacy.

 

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the James Madison University Special Collections Library to use this collection.

Use Restrictions: The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collections Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk (library-special@jmu.edu).

Preferred Citation: [identification of item], [box #, folder #], Affidavits for Ardent Spirits Collection, 1916-1917, SC 0091, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Va.

Acquisition Information: The collection is on deposit from the Harrisonburg-Rockingham Historical Society.
Processing Information: In order to streamline the process of applying collection numbers, Special Collections staff completed a large-scale renumbering campaign in the spring of 2017. This collection was previously cataloged as SC 2035.

Bio/Historical Note:

On March 10, 1916, the General Assembly of Virginia passed Chapter 146, an act foreshadowing the 18th Amendment of 1920. In this act, the General Assembly defined ardent spirits and went on to prohibit their manufacture, sale, transportation for sale, and general distribution. It further regulated the sale of alcohol for medicinal purposes by requiring those business who were allowed, by court license, to sell alcohol to file a monthly report, or inventory, of their alcohol on hand. This act was not written to prevent manufacture for consumption; it was intended to stimulate Virginia's temperance movement.

Chapter 146 was strengthened on March 19, 1918 with the passage of Chapter 388, which required that common carriers of ardent spirits be required to keep their records of quantities transported in an alphabetical file box. This was to include affidavits attesting to whom the alcohol was shipped, the amount and kind received, the date of delivery, and the cosignee. Both of these acts were repealed, however, with the passage of Chapter 403, section 504 (March 20, 1920), which required that the clerk of the circuit court of each county keep these affidavits in an alphabetically arranged book; therefore relieving the transportation companies of the duty.

Scope and Content:

The Affidavits for Ardent Spirits Collection, 1916-1917, consists of one Hollinger box of records arranged in two series: Affidavits and General Documents.

Series 1, Affidavits, 1916-1917, documents the individual to whom the alcohol was shipped, the amount and kind received, the date of delivery, and the cosignee. Most affidavits are from the carrier companies Southern Express, Adams Express, and Wells Fargo. They are alphabetically arranged by county locale and further organized chronoglically. Due to their smaller size (4" x 6"), they are filed vertically and separated by tabs in lieu of folders. Oversize affidavits are foldered separately.

Series 2, General Documents, 1916-1917, consist of a single folder of monthly alcohol inventories from pharmacies and druggists such as Elkton Lithia Bottling Co., Aldhizer & Sons Druggists, and Fletcher's Pharmacy.

Arrangement:

The collection is arranged in two series:
1. Affidavits, 1916-1917 2. General Documents, 1916-1917

Bibliography:

Acts and Joint Resolutions of the General Assembly of the State of Virginia, Sessions of 1916, 1918, 1920. Richmond: Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1916, 1918, 1920, respectively. LAW: Laws, Statutes, Codes.

Contents:

1: Affidavits, 1916-1917

Folder Title
Box : Folder
Bridgewater, 1916-1917
1
Broadway, 1916-1917
1
Daphna, 1916-1917
1
Dayton, 1916-1917
1
Elkton, December 2, 1916-June 16, 1917
1
Elkton, June 16, 1917-June 30, 1917
1
Grottoes, 1916-1917
1
Harrisonburg, December 19, 1916-June 6, 1917
1
Harrisonburg, June 8, 1917-June 25, 1917
1
Harrisonburg, June 26, 1917-June 30, 1917
1
Island Ford, 1916-1917
1
Keezletown, 1916-1917
1
Linville, 1916-1917
1
McGaheysville, 1916-1917
1
Penn Laird, 1916-1917
1
Rockingham (unspecified), 1916-1917
1
Timberville, 1916-1917
1
Oversize Affidavits, 1916-1917
1:1

2: General Documents, 1916-1917

Folder Title
Box : Folder
General Documents, 1916-1917
1:2

Compiled by: Don Lambert, February 1987; Tiffany Cole, January 2010