Smals, Henry Diaries, 1871-1891.

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Descriptive Summary

 

Repository: Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

Title: Henry Smals Diaries, 1871-1891

Collection No.: SC 0096
Creator: Smalls, Henry, 1810-1892

Extent: 3 boxes; .7 cubic feet

Language: English

Abstract: The Henry Smals Diaries, 1871-1891, consist of three boxes containing eighteen volumes of diaries written by Henry Smals of Bridgewater, Virginia. The topics of diary entries are brief outlining day-to-day activities. A folder, located in Box 3, contains a partial index and a list of highlights for most volumes as well as an ad for "Henry Smals, Fashionable Barber! Main Street, Bridgewater, Va."

 

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the James Madison University Special Collections Library to use this collection.

Use Restrictions: The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collections Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk. (library-special@jmu.edu).

Preferred Citation: [identification of item], [box #, folder #], Henry Smals Diaries, 1871-1891, SC 0096, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Va.

Acquisition Information: The collection is on deposit from the Harrisonburg-Rockingham Historical Society.
Provenance: The collection of diaries was first presented to George M. Hanger by Smals' grandson, Gal Miller, in 1910. The diaries were then given to George P. Furry in 1920, Edwina Furry in 1970, and Dorothy Merriefield in 1983.
Processing Information: The diaries appear to have been rebound, perhaps several times, and some volumes have sections in them that are not in chronological order. In some places the ink has faded to illegibility. In order to streamline the process of applying collection numbers, Special Collections staff completed a large-scale renumbering campaign in the spring of 2017. This collection was previously cataloged as SC 2059.

Bio/Historical Note:

Henry Smals (1810-1892) is listed in the 1850 Rockingham County Census as a shoemaker with real estate value of $1,000 with a wife, Mary, and six children. There is an entry for Henry Smalts in the 1860 census and for Henry Smalls in the 1870 census that gives additional household details. He may also have been a barber sometime during the 1880s (ses Box 3, Folder 4). His surname appears as a variation of Smalz and Smaltz as well.

Scope and Content:

The Henry Smals Papers, 1871-1891, consist of three boxes containing eighteen volumes of diaries written by Henry Smals of Bridgewater, Virginia. The topics of diary entries are brief outlining day-to-day activities. There are mentions of acquaintances that are ill, various business transactions conducted in town, the movement of livestock, and hay through town, ongoing town projects, church activities, marriages, births, deaths, and other details of town life. The activities of "colored people" are occasionally noted. Throughout the diaries, Smals made small drawings of people and animals and added illustrations cclipped from newspapers. A folder, located in Box 3, contains printed copies of a partial index and a list of highlights for most columes as well as an ad for "Henry Smals, Fashionable Barber! Main Street, Bridgewater, Va."

Arrangement:

The diaries are arranged chronologically where possible, but due to variations in size are physically housed as follows in the Contents List. Volume 14 is filed in a separate container.

Bibliography:

United States Census Office, 7th census. 1850 U.S. Census, Rockingham County, Virginia. Wichita, Ks.: S-K Publications, 1987.

Contents:

Folder Title
Box : Folder
Volume 1, May 1871-June 1872
1:1
Volume 2, July 1872-December 1872
1:1
Volume 3, January 1873-August 1873
1:1
Volume 4, August 1873-January 1875
1:2
Volume 5, January 1875-November 1875
1:2
Volume 6, January 1876-April 1877
1:3
Volume 7, April 1877-September 1877; incl. December 1873, 1875; January and November 1875
1:3
Volume 8, October 1877-April 1878
1:3
Volume 9, May 1878-January 1879
1:4
Volume 10, February 1879-October 1879
1:4
Volume 11, October 1879-May 1880
1:6
Volume 12, May 1880-January 1881
1:5
Volume 13, January 1881-November 1881
1:6
Volume 14, November 1881-May 1883
2:1
Volume 15, May 1883-July 1885
1:7
Volume 16, July 1885- April 1887
3:1
Volume 17, April 1887-April 1890
3:2
Volume 18, April 1890-October 1891
3:3
Index and Highlights, 2002-2003
3:4

Compiled by: Chris Bolgiano, October 1990; Tiffany Cole, February 2010