United Daughters of the Confederacy, Southern Cross of Honor Records, 1905-1941

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Summary Information

Repository:
Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University
Creator:
United Daughters of the Confederacy. Southern Cross of Honor
Title:
United Daughters of the Confederacy, Southern Cross of Honor Records
Collection No.:
SC 0097
Date:
1905-1941
Extent:
1/2 Hollinger box and 1 oversize folder, 1.88 linear feet
Language of the Material:
English .
Abstract:
The United Daughters of the Confederacy, Southern Cross of Honor Records, 1905-1941, consist of 1/2 Hollinger box and one oversize folder of the records and applications of Shenandoah Valley residents who received the Southern Cross of Honor and the Cross of Military Service from the United Daughters of the Confederacy from 1905-1941.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of Item], [box #, folder #], United Daughters of the Confederacy, Southern Cross of Honor Records, 1905-1941, SC 0097, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Va.

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Administrative History

The Southern Cross of Honor award, which later became known as the Cross of Military Service, originated on October 13, 1862 as an act of the Confederate Congress to recognize the courage, valor and good conduct of officers, non-commissioned officers and privates of the Confederate Army. Due to wartime shortages, however, the medals were unable to be made. The recipients' names were then recorded in an Honor Roll for future reference.

Mrs. Alexander S. Erwin first designed the cross that was used by the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) in July 1898. It featured a cross with a Confederate battle flag on the face surrounded by a laurel wreath and the inscription "The Southern Cross of Honor." On the reverse side the motto of the Confederate States, "Deo Vindice" (God our Vindicator), 1861-1865, appears alongside the inscription "From the U.D.C. to the U.C.V." The Southern Cross of Honor and the Cross of Military Service are the two most prestigious honors awarded by the UDC.

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Scope and Content

The United Daughters of the Confederacy, Southern Cross of Honor Records, 1905-1941, consist of 1/2 Hollinger box arranged in five folders and one oversize folder containing records and applications of Shenandoah Valley residents who received the Southern Cross of Honor and the Cross of Military Service. The folders are arranged topically, with applications arranged alphabetically by name. The first four folders contain applications for the Southern Cross of Honor, which were approved by S.B. Gibbons Camp No. 438, and are signed by veterans, descendants or widows of Confederate veterans. Folder five contains applications for the Cross of Military Service, approved by Turner Ashpby Chapter No. 162, and are signed by World War I veterans who are descendants of Confederate veterans. The final oversize folder contains Southern Cross of Honor Recipient records.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged topically, then alphabetically by the names of the veterans in each folder.

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Administrative Information

Revision Description

Converted to schema conforming EAD by dtd2schema.vh.xsl. 2013-11-21

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the James Madison University Special Collections Library to use this collection.

Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collections Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk (library-special@jmu.edu).

Acquisition Information

This collection was placed on deposit by contract with the Harrisonburg-Rockingham Historical Society.

Alternate Format

The collection is also available on microfilm in Special Collections at James Madison University, MF 1486.

Processing Information

In order to streamline the process of applying collection numbers, Special Collections staff completed a large-scale renumbering campaign in the spring of 2017. The collection was previously cataloged as SC 2060.

Location

Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

880 Madison DriveMSC 1704Harrisonburg, Virginia 22807library-special@jmu.eduURL: https://www.lib.jmu.edu/special/

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Related Materials

Related Material

United Daughters of the Confederacy, Turner Ashby Chapter Records, 1896-1991, SC 0121, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

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Bibliography

United Daughters of the Confederacy. "The Southern Cross of Honor: General Information." Received from the Richmond Office of the United Daughters of the Confederacy.

Southern Historical Society. Southern Historical Society Papers, volume 29. Richmond: Southern Historical Society, 1901.

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Collection Inventory

Title/Description Instances
Southern Cross of Honor Applications: A-F, 1905-1941 box 1 folder 1
Southern Cross of Honor Applications: G-L, 1905-1941 box 1 folder 2
Southern Cross of Honor Applications: M-R, 1905-1941 box 1 folder 3
Southern Cross of Honor Applications: S-Z, 1905-1941 box 1 folder 4
Cross of Military Service Applications, 1905-1941 box 1 folder 5
Recipients of the Southern Cross of Honor, 1905-1941 box OV folder 1