A Guide to the Shenandoah County Mill Ledger, 1869-1944

Collection SC# 4053

Compiled by: Julia Merkel, 2007

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

Title:  Shenandoah County Mill Ledger, 1869-1944

Creator:  Shenandoah County Mill (unidentified)

Extent:  1 folder, 10" x 16" x 1"

Administrative Information

Access restrictions:


Collection is open for research.

Use restrictions:


The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collection Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk (library-special@jmu.edu).

Preferred Citation:


[Page Number],Shenandoah County Mill Ledger, 1869-1944, SC# 4053, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

Acqusition Information:


Gift of Montgomery County Historical Society, Rockville, MD, September 2006.



Previously donated to MCHS by a private donor residing in Rockville, MD, whose father had acquired the ledger from a Shenandoah Valley book dealer.

Processing Notes:

Text block preserved; Pages 461-466 and 471-478 were missing upon receipt.


Biographical Note

This account ledger appears to document the business transactions of a Shenandoah County grist or sawmill, the exact location of which is unknown.  Notes from a previous owner speculate that it is either Manor Mill or another mill west of New Market, perhaps near Quicksburg, on the the Shenandoah River north of B.G. Manor.  Names within the ledger correspond to those of the Lee Magisterial District which includes the town of New Market, Virginia.

Scope and Content

The Shenandoah County Mill Ledger, 1869-1944, consists of one legal size folder (10"x16"x1") holding approximately 100 numbered pages from a Guggenheimer & Weil, Stationers of Balto. Md. blank book.  Account entries list:  commodity, purchaser, type, amount and price.  Commodities mentioned include: seeds, corn meal, eggs, brooms, tubs, crockery, apples, cash, and shoes, among other items.  Work for hire is also recorded.  Some of the activities listed are: carpentry, sharpening equipment, hauling wood and rock, making gates and cleaning the mill race.  What appear to be traveling sales accounts appear around 1941.  Place names Greencastle, Pa., Sharpsburg and Clearspring, Md., and Monroe Co., Tenn. are mentioned.  An index of personal names is listed in the first pages of the ledger.  A small selection of the account names mentioned are:  Clem, Funkhouser, Goladay, Henkle, Hess, Hoover, Newman, Olinger, and Pence.


Original pagination retained.


Lathrop, J.M. An Atlas of Shenandoah and Page Counties, Virginia; from actual surveys by J.M. Lathrop and B.N. Griffing.  Strasburg, Va.: GP Hammond Pub., 1991.  Originally published as: Philadelphia, Pa.: D.J. Lake & Co., 1885.

Separated Material

Boards discarded due to previous water and mold damage.  Blank pages were removed [pp.165-234, 241-288, 293-416, 433-460]. Folio 289-292 had green script in an illegible hand on p.291 and was discarded ["Gibney's...paid"].