Peyton Dagg Ledger, 1871-1896

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Compiled by:

 Suzanne Wilson and Matt Wagner, November 2012

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

Title: Peyton Dagg’s Ledger, 1871-1896

Collection No.: SC 5040

Creator: S. Peyton Dagg

Extent: 1 box, 7 folders; .42 linear feet

Language:  English

Abstract: This ledger of Peyton Dagg includes his transactions between the years of 1871-1896 and many personal notes on remedies and manners. There are several newspaper clippings along with some scraps inserted into the pages that have been extracted and rehoused in a separate folder.


Administrative Information


Access Restrictions: Collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collection Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk (

Preferred Citation: [identification of item], Peyton Dagg Ledger, 1871-1896, SC 5040, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Va.

Acquisition Information: Donated by Dan Stickley 2009 April 20 along with a diary.

Other Formats Available: The majority of this collection is written on the physical ledger. It is still in good condition.

Accruals: This collection has not been modified with the exception of the clippings and inserts that have been extracted and rehoused.

Bio/Historical Note:  S. Peyton Dagg lived and worked as a tailor in Cross Keys, Virginia. According to census records, he was born in 1820 and died at an unknown date. His ledger documents his business transactions from the years 1871- 1896. He keeps records of the money that his patrons owed to him and money that he owed to other people. Dagg keeps personal account records for specific customers, most of whom lived near to each other, around the community of Cross Keys.

       Dagg also used his ledger as a repository for various notes. He copies several home remedies from Dr. John C. Gunn’s book New Domestic Physician written in 1863. He also lists the price of various coins (p 150-151), how to properly introduce oneself to others (p 148), the pronunciations of different names (p 161-163), and a list of famous authors and their hometowns (p 143).  The miscellaneous notes included help to give some social history value to this otherwise predominantly business-related ledger.

Scope and Content:  The Peyton Dagg Ledger is noted to have officially started in 1873, however, it includes his transactions spanning from 1871-1896. This ledger is not arranged chronologically, rather accounts are listed randomly. There is no recognizable pattern among account dates. It is important to note that the ledger focuses more on the business aspects in the beginning and the personal notes amass near the end. This is a ledger with several inserts of newspaper clippings and scrap papers. The newspaper clippings and inserts include different medical cures, a war poem, some scraps, a handwritten note, and an envelope addressed to Dagg. Some pages have either been partially cut or completely removed. This collection has been arranged into 2 series.



        The collection is arranged in 2 series:

           1.            Ledger, 1871- 1896

           2.           Extracted Materials


1870 Federal Census. Rockingham County, Ashby Township, page 22.


Gunn, Dr. John C. New Domestic Physician. Cincinnati: Moore, Wilstach, Keys & Co., 1863.

Lathrop, J.M. and B. N. Griffing. An Atlas of Rockingham County, Virginia. Philadelphia: D. J. Lake and Co., 1885

Wayland, John Walter. A History of Rockingham County, Virginia. Dayton, Virginia: Ruebush- Elkins Co., 1912.



Series I: Ledger, 1871-1896                                                                                                  Box: Folder

              Ledger, 1871-1896                                                                                                   1:1

Series II: Extracted Materials

Newspaper Clippings removed from back of front endsheet                                                   1:2

Envelope from between pages 86-87                                                                                     1:3

Note from between pages 92-93                                                                                             1:4

Newspaper Clipping from between pages 110-111                                                                   1:5

Scrap Paper from  between pages 124-125                                                                            1:6

Newspaper Clipping removed from back of endsheet                                                              1:7