Finding Aids for Manuscript Collections

 

Note: Follow the links for finding Aids in Photograph Collections and Oral History Collections.

How to Navigate to a Finding Aid for Manuscript Collections:

1) Search the Special Collections website, which includes manuscript finding aids:

 

2) Alphabetical List of Manuscripts by Collection Title:

    A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y Z

Acker Family Diaries, 1880-1905.
SC 0095. Rockingham Cty., VA; 1 Hollinger box; .4 cubic feet
Agricultural and daily life diaries of father Isaac and son David Acker, farmers near Broadway. Indices available through Eastern Mennonite University.

Affidavits for Ardent Spirits Collection, 1916-1917.
SC 0091. Rockingham Cty., VA; 1 Hol. box.
Affidavits of monthly alcohol inventories in business establishments.

Alumni Association Records, 1934-2015.
UA 0022. Harrisonburg, VA; 13 boxes, 4.29 cubic feet.
Consists of the administrative files of the James Madison University Alumni Association, all referring to the individual graduated classes of JMU, Madison College, and the State Normal School.

American Association of University Women (AAUW) Collection, 1929-2011.

SC 5036. Harrisonburg, VA; 12.5 linear feet.

Important papers and other documents of the Harrisonburg Branch of the American Association of University Women spanning from 1929 to 2011, as well as a few additional papers from other VA branches of the AAUW.

Antarctica Meteorite Expedition Exhibit Materials, 1984-1985.

SC 5050. Anartica; 1 Half Hol. box.

Pictures and journal entries that were displayed for a library exhibit on a faculty geology expedition.

*JMU Alum Papers* Ellen Frank Armentrout Papers, 1961-1964.
SC 0064. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 3 letter folders, .12 cubic feet.
Facsimiles of one essay, seven letters, and 15 photographs from Armentrout’s time as a student at Madison College.

*JMU Faculty Papers* Thomas H. Arthur Papers, 1921-1982.
SC 0088. 1 Hol. box.
Letters, notes, copies of programs, & other materials relevant to JMU faculty member Arthur's work on See You At The Movies: The Autobiography of Melvyn Douglas (1986).

Turner Ashby Letters, 1852-1863.
SC 0107. VA; 3 folders, .16 cubic feet.
Petition, two portrait photographs of Turner Ashby, and 28 letters between Ashby family members.

Avtex Fibers, Inc. Newsclippings, 1989-1999.
SC 4017. VA; 1 folder.
Newsclippings on attempts to clean up Superfund toxic site on Shenandoah River.

*JMU Alum Papers* Louise Fontaine Baker Letter, 2004.
SC 0065. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Five-page facsimiled account of Baker’s life including her time as a student during the 1920s at the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg.

Michael Baker Estate Papers, 1810-1839.
SC 2100. Rockingham Cty., VA; 1 folders.
Receipts, legal notes, correspondence, and the sale bill of the Michael Baker estate.

Barnhart Family Papers, 1836-1944.
SC 0237. Augusta County, VA; 5 legal folders, .1 cubic feet.
Assorted documents chiefly relating to the Barnhart family of New Hope, Virginia in Augusta County, particularly George Barnhart II and his son Gideon Barnhart. Materials include correspondence, bills, receipts and invoices, deeds, and envelopes. The collection also includes many documents concerning the estate of George Barnhart II.

*JMU Alum Papers* Dorothy Lee Baugher Papers, 1936-2003 (bulk 1975-1981) .
SC 3017. Rockingham Cty., VA; 1.25 Hol. box.
Newspaper clippings, poetry, fiction and non-fiction writings, and drawings produced by JMU alumna Dorothy Lee Baugher.  Also includes correspondence, receipts, programs, and notes.

Bethlehem Stone Church Records, 1844-2011.

SC 5037. Tenth Legion, VA; 47 pdf files; 1.08 GB.

The Bethlehem Stone Church Records is a digital collection of 47 pdf files that contains digitized images of church records and documents relating to the church and church history from its inception in 1844 through 2011.

Biology Department, 1930-1998.
SC 5038. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University;1 1/2 Hol. box and 1 flat box.
The contents of a Biology Department scrapbook from the 1980s and 1990s, along with two pictures.

Blackley Family Papers, 1830-2016.
SC 0232. Staunton, VA; Texas; 28 boxes, 2 flat folders, 13.57 cubic feet.
Consists of hundreds of letters that span from 1830 to 2011; diaries; official United States, Confederate, and Texas documents; literary works; newspaper clippings; postcards; ephemera; and photographs. These papers document the related Scott, Bassett, Blackley, Hoge, Matthews, and Nix families of Texas and Staunton, Virginia.

*JMU Alum Papers* Nancy Walker Bouvier Papers, 1951.
SC 0039. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Papers collected during Bouvier’s time as a student at Madison College. Items include a grade report and blank day trip forms.

Bowman Family Papers, 1765-1998.
SC 4019. Rockingham Cty., VA; 3 folders.
Deeds, financial records, and wills relevant to the John Bowman family, and subscription rolls for a new Rader's Church, 1878-79.

Sam Bowman Papers, 1845-1967 (bulk 1941-1967).
SC 3092. Rockingham Cty., VA; 1 Hol. box.
Ledgers and misc. materials documenting a family dairy farm.

William H. Bowman Papers, 1856-1897.
SC 0087. Rockingham Cty., VA; 1/2 Hol. box.
Bills, receipts, and legal documents showing Bowman's work as Treasurer of Undine Lodge and Justice of the Peace.

Virginia Wise Breen Collection of Flook Family Papers, 1842-1863.
SC 0104. Rockingham Cty., VA; 1 folder, .08 cubic feet.
Three items: 1842 letter from C. Freeman in TN concerning price of cattle; 1861 letter from M. Flook at Camp Guin [?]; 1863 exemption from duty due to substitute J. Breen.

Bridgewater Voter Roll, 1910-1948. 
SC 0081  Bridgewater, VA; 1 bound vol.
Alphabetical handwritten ledger listing white male voters.

Bridgewater Women Voters Roll, 1920-1951.

SC 0082.  Bridgewater, VA; 1 bd. vol.

Alphabetical handwritten ledger listing white women voters.

Brocks Gap Photographs, 1905.
SC 0006. Fulks Run, VA; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Two photographs by B. B. O'Roark depicting road construction in Brocks Gap in northwestern Rockingham County, Virginia.

Elizabth Brooks Tax Receipts, 1832-1836.
SC 0068. Rockingham County, VA; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Three receipts of taxes paid by Rockingham County, Virginia resident Elizabeth Brooks. For each year, Brooks paid $5.00 on one 30-acre tract of land.

*JMU Alum Papers* Ruth Hall Brooks Photographs, 1943-1945.
SC 0058. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Three black-and-white photographs of Madison College, includes one view of Wilson Hall in the snow and two photographs of students.

Brown Family Papers, 1872-1919.
SC 0072. Bridgewater, VA; 32 items in 3 folders, .21 linear feet.
Consists of correspondence and other materials pertaining to the Brown Family of the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia. Also included are photographs, printing blocks, and a typescript copy of Johannes Braun's 1818 "Treatise on slavery and serfdom."Johannes Braun or John Brown, born 1771 in Germany and later settling in the Shenandoah Valley, became the leading minister of the German Reformed Church in VA.

Margaret B. Burruss Collection, 1786-1912 (bulk 1861-1865).
SC 2097. VA; 2 1/2 Hol. boxes.
Civil War letters (with transcriptions) between Reuben A. Scott (10th Reg. VA Inf.) and his fiancee/wife Mary C. Saufley, both of Port Republic. Also items of Scott, Saufley, and related family history.

*JMU Alum Papers* Michael A. Cappeto Letters, 1967, 2011.
SC 0053. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 folder, .06 cubic feet.
A request from Madison College to prospective student Michael Cappeto for an on-campus interview with William J. DeLong, Director of Admissions and Student Aid and Michael Cappeto's personal reflection on that interaction.

*JMU Alum Papers* Elizabeth Arrena Carroll Scrapbook, 1921-1925. 
SC 5011.  Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1/2 Hollinger box.
  One scrapbook compiled during Miss Carroll's enrollment in professional courses at the State Normal School for Women in Harrisonburg, Virginia.

*JMU Alum Papers* Edith May Fultz Cavendish Photographs, ca. 1940.
SC 0239. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 4 folders; .1 cubic feet.
Forty-three unique black-and-white photographs of Madison College while Cavendish (nee Fultz) was a student at the school. Dormitory life and dormitory interiors, campus buildings, snowscapes, general student and social life, and fellow classmate portrait photographs are all captured.

Centennial Dukes Scrapbook, 2004-2005.

SC 5057. Harrisonburg, VA; 1 lage Hollinger Box; 1.7 linear feet.

Scrapbook that gathers all of the main aspects of the freshman year of the class of 2008. This project was part of the James Madison Centennial Celebration.

Patricia Chalfant Women's Rights Collection, 1968-1978.
SC 0240. 3 boxes, 1 flat folder; 1.65 cubic feet.
Publications, ephemera, and conference material documenting second-wave feminism and the women’s liberation movement. Key subjects include the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), the National Organization for Women (NOW), and various organized marches including the July 9, 1978 March for the Equal Rights Amendment in Washington, D.C.

Oliver H. Chalker Collection of Wommack Family Letters, 1864.
SC 0102. VA; 1 folder, .08 cubic feet.
Two letters: one from Jim Wommack at Camp near Orange C.H.; second from R.A. Wommack at Camp Ramsaur [?].

*JMU Faculty Papers*J. Wilbert and Ellen A. Chappell Collection, 1946-1978 (bulk 1975).
SC 5022. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University;
3 folders.

Materials pertaining to Dr. and Mrs. Chappell's time at Madison College primarily comprised of congratulatory letters addressed to Dr. Chappell upon his retirement and programs from the Faculty Wives Sewing Circle.

Chesapeake Western Railway Co. Records, 1928-1982.
SC 4010. Shenandoah Valley;
9.5 Hollinger boxes, 12 record storage boxes, 1 rolled storage box, 5 flat boxes and 8 oversize Hollinger boxes;29.3 linear feet.

Records pertaining to the administrative and business activities of a small Shenandoah Valley railroad through the period of America's Great Depression and up to the CW's eventual acquisition by the Norfolk Southern Railway Corporation.

*JMU Alum Papers* Betty Coe Cinquegrana Papers, 1960-2014. 
SC 0030. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 Hollinger box, 1 oversize box, .98 cubic feet.
Materials, including ephemera, relating to Cinquegrana's time as a student at Louisa County High School and Madison College, and her life after graduation. Included are documents pertaining to the Betty Coe '64 and Paul J. Cinquegrana Scholarship, established in the mid-2000s.

Civil War Miscellaneous Collection, 1860-1965.
SC 3050. Various locations; 1 & 1/2 Hol. box.
Misc. primary documents include muster rolls of Union regiments in IL, NH, convalescents in VA and Capt. G.A. Foster's Co. E, 20th Reg. of U.S. Colored Infantry; local items incl. notes by historian John Wayland, lists of companies organized in Rockingham Cty., & letters on a Confederate Monument in Harrisonburg; & misc. pamphlets.

Debra S. Clatterbuck Collection of Michael Henkle Estate Records, 1861, 1866.
SC 0103. Pendleton Cty., WV; 1 folder, .08 cubic feet.
Three documents relevant to settling the estate of Michael Henkle, including sale of slaves.

*JMU Alum Papers* Cleveland Family Papers, 1880-1958.
SC 0043. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 half-Hollinger box; .2 cubic feet.
Photographs of Elizabeth and Annie Cleveland and other Cleveland family members. Additional materials include documents related to the deaths of Annie and Elizabeth Cleveland.

Ralph Cohen Ephemera Collection, 1934-1996.
SC 5025. Various locations; 1 Hol. box.
Comprised of an assortment of reprints of articles by various authors that are embellished with an inscription to Cohen from the author. Also included is a rare copy of a speech Cohen gave at the University of Utah in 1961 as well as the original manuscript for his The Unfolding of “The Seasons:” A Study of James Thomson’s Poem.

Adam and Wayman Collins Confederate Vouchers, ca. 1862-1864.
SC 0020. Wythe County, VA; 1 legal folder, .08 cubic feet.
Three vouchers, each paying $10.00 to the family of Adam and Wayman Collins. The Collins', brothers from Wytheville, Virginia, were Confederate soldiers during the American Civil War.

Common Ground Records, 1983-2000.
SC 0126. Harrisonburg, VA; 3 boxes, .96 cubic feet.
Newsletters, administrative files, and other material related to or published by the now-defunct Harrisonburg peace and justice organization Common Ground and its predecessors, The Network for Peace and Justice and Common Weal..

Confederate War Tax Form, 1863.
SC 0018. Richmond, VA; 1 legal folder, .08 cubic feet.
Documents a series of guidelines for the taxation of unique goods and services by the Confederacy in Virginia. The forms were signed by James Gwyn of Richmond, Virginia and Confederate Assessor W.E. Johnson.

Copp's Schoolhouse Notebook and Ledger, 1867-1908.
SC 0238. Shenandoah County, VA; 2 legal folders, .08 cubic feet.
One bound volume of notes on Dr. Benjamin Mosby Smith’s lectures; the constitution, by-laws, and meeting minutes of the Johnsonian Lyceum (meetings were held at Copp’s Schoolhouse in Maurertown, Virginia which was located in the Johnson Magisterial District); and unrelated personal property lists of Shenandoah County residents.

John V. Coxe Papers, 1933-1987.
SC 3098. Shenandoah National Park, VA; 3 folders.
Scrapbook of photos and clippings documenting Civilian Conservation Corp Camp 3, Company 1387, in Shenandoah National Park, 1933-34.

Credit Women International Collection, 1984-1989.

SC 5060. Harrisonburg, VA; 1 Hollinger Box.

The Credit Women International was an organization in which women who were involved in a credit union could join. Materials present in this collection are taken from two scrap books donated to Special Collections. This includes newsletters, photographs, flyers and articles about the organization.

Elizabeth "Libby" Custer Papers ca. 1930s-1997.

SC 0077. Hinton, VA; 1/2 Hollinger box.

Consists of business and personal records relating to the Custer family business, Virginia Valley Processors, Inc. Digitized images also available in Special Collections.

Peyton Dagg Ledger, 1871-1896.

SC 5040. Cross Keys, VA; 1 Half Hollinger box.

Business transactions of a local tailor, along with personal notes on remedies and manners.

*JMU Alum Papers* Linda Lee Nichols Daniels Papers, 1957-1959.

SC 5010.  Harrisonburg, VA; James Madison University, 1 folder.

Programs, play scripts, images.

Davis & Associates Architectural Drawing Collection, 1925-1985 (bulk 1954-1985).

SC 5034. Shenandoah Valley, VA; 45 flat folders, 44 rolled storage boxes, and 1 flat storage box.

Approximately 9,580 architectural drawings and project records pertaining to the design and construction of structures for James Madison University and other buildings located in Harrisonburg, as well as Rockingham, Augusta, Shenandoah, and Page Counties. The architects D'Earcy P. Davis Jr. and Clyde E. McClintock completed these drawings between 1954 and 1985.

*JMU Alum Papers* Davis, Kline, and Hutton Family Papers, 1816-1977.
SC 0241. Shenandoah Valley, VA; 7 boxes, 3.0 cubic feet.
Correspondence, scrapbooks, photographs, legal documents, and miscellaneous papers relating to Charles L. Davis of Singers Glen, Virginia and his descendants. Some documents are seemingly unrelated to the aforementioned families, but concern other local persons.

Ernest M. Dickerman Papers, 1969-1995.
SC 3085. Western VA; 2 records stor. boxes.
Files of the VA Wilderness Committee, a grass roots group advocating wilderness designation according to the 1964 Wilderness Act, of which Dickerman was president 1976-79 and guiding spirit for many years before and after.

Joseph J. Dorsey Papers, ca. 1912-1953.
SC 0005. Harrisonburg, VA; 1 legal folder, .08 cubic feet.
Two photographs of Joseph J. Dorsey and his 1953 obituary as published in the Daily News-Record.

Dudley-Rexrode Collection, 1873-1998.

SC 5039. Augusta County, VA; 3 Hollinger boxes; 1.5 linear ft.

Personal papers, photographs, and ledgers relating to the Dudley and Rexrode families.

William B. Durie Letter, 1864.
SC 0013. Petersburg, VA; 1 legal folder, .08 cubic feet.
Letter written by William B. Durie, a Union Private during the American Civil War, to his sister dated December 27, 1864. Durie writes to his sister about his state of being, conditions in camp, and personal information about Christmas during the Siege of Petersburg.

*JMU Alum Papers*  Mary Spitzer Etter Papers, 1924-1976 (bulk 1969).
SC 5012.  Harrisonburg, VA: James Madison University, 1 Holl. box.
Contains correspondence, minutes, and accounting records that document Mary Spitzer Etter's (1934) work for  the James Madison University Alumni Association.

*JMU Alum Papers* Etta Evans Scrapbook, 1935-1936.
SC 0070. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
One bound scrapbook containing memorabilia, ephemera, and correspondence from Evans’ time as a student at the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg. Evans annotated the scrapbook by describing the items pasted within.

*JMU Alum Papers* Lois Hogan Everett Papers, 1953-1955.
SC 0045. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 legal folder, .08 cubic feet.
Consists of a Madison College homecoming program, admissions publications, essay, and other event programs collected by Lois Hogan Everett during her time as a student at Madison College.

Sarah Maria Everett Collection on James Madison, 1816-1907
SC 5047. 1 Flat box.
Boston Gazette from December 9, 1816 and a 1907 printed portrait of President James Madison.

Kathryn Eye Papers, 1920-1991.
SC 0231. Belgian Congo, Shenandoah Valley, VA; 3 boxes, 1.14 cubic feet.
Contains the papers of Kathryn Eye, local resident and missionary to the Belgian Congo. Materials document Eye's life, missionary work, and exhibit of her art collection at the Madison Art Collection and include correspondence, ephemera and stamps, and a scrapbook.

*JMU Alum Papers* Virginia Elizabeth Tisdale Fenlon Collection, 1925-1934.

SC 4058. Harrisonburg, VA: James Madison University; 1 legal sized Hollinger box.
Consists of one scrapbook compiled while attending State Teachers College in Harrisonburg, Virginia, and one folder containing photographs of Virginia from childhood and while attending HSTC.

Elliott Guthrie Fishburne Papers, ca. 1880s.
SC 0247. Augusta County, VA; 2 folders, .08 cubic feet.
One letter (1886) from Fishburne to H.B. McClellan, and one undated memoir (ca. 1880s) describing the 1st Virginia Cavalry at the battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863.

Brian Flota Comic Book Collection, 1952-1999.
SC 0032. VA; 12 boxes; 7.84 linear feet.
Consists of 7.84 linear feet of over 1,900 comic books and a few other pop culture publications from the mid to late 20th century.

John J. Forrer Papers, 1939.
SC 0075. VA; 1 folder.
Manuscript entitled, "Maintenance of Colonial Roads in VA," and notes. Forrer was maintenance engineer, VA Dept. of Highways.

John A. Frenger Diary and Account Book, 1880-1892 (bulk 1881-1884).
SC 0008. Augusta County, VA; One 180-page ledger (in one half-Hollinger box), .1 cubic feet.
One ledger that contains John A. Frenger's household and farm expenses and income. The ledger also includes periodic diary entries documenting weather, local travels, and farm activities.

Fulks Run Ruritan Club Records, 1958-2008.
SC 5020. Fulks Run, VA. Two record center boxes, 2.02 linear feet.
Consists of meeting minutes, rosters, community service reports, treasurer notes, receipts, correspondence, and handbooks documenting the organization.

Furious Flower Poetry Center Records, 1990-2014.
UA 0017. Harrisonburg, VA; 13 Hollinger boxes, 1 half-Hollinger box, 5 oversize flat boxes, 1 oversize flat folder, 8.7 cubic feet.
Documents the departmental activities of the Furious Flower Poetry Center.

Furious Flower Poetry Center Conference Records, 1970-2009 (bulk 1992-2005).
UA 0018. Harrisonburg, VA; 9 Hollinger boxes, 1 oversize Hollinger box, 1 record storage box, 1 rolled storage container, 1 oversize flat folder, 6.03 cubic feet.
Materials related to the decennial Furious Flower Poetry Center conferences beginning with the inaugural conference in 1994.

*JMU Alum Papers* Jack Gaines Letter, 1948.
SC 0056. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Official notice from Hope Vandever, Madison College Dean of Women, notifying Jack Gaines of Harrisonburg that he has been placed on the “Approved List of Local Men.”

Marianne L. Garber Collection, 1780-1899.
SC 3066. Rockingham, Shenandoah Counties, VA; 3 folders.
Land deeds & misc. legal & business documents; daily farm journal (some gaps), 1847-1861.

Thomas Gathright Papers, 1923-1933.
SC 0233. Alleghany County, VA, Summers County and Greenbrier County, WV; 4 Hollinger boxes, 1 flat file, 2.1 cubic feet.
Business correspondence including telegrams, deeds, indentures, and blueprints of Thomas Gathright, land-purchasing agent for the C&O Railway in western Virginia.

Clarence R.  Geier Bank Ledger, 1910-1915.
SC 3096.  Harrisonburg-Rockingham Cty., VA; One large ledger of monetary entries, variously named "Mt. Solon Bank" and "Peoples Bank, Harrisonburg, VA." 

*JMU Alum Papers* Frances Logan Gillam Papers, 1939-1940.
SC 0035. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 2 letter folders, .12 cubic feet.
Photographs of the Madison College campus dating to the 1939-1940 academic term and miscellaneous materials from Gillam’s time as a student at Madison College.

Edward M. Glick Papers, 1951-1960.
SC 3070. 1 folder and 2 paperback books.
18 speeches written for members of the Truman and Eisenhower presidential administrations.

*JMU Alum Papers* Patsy Wheeler Gochenour Photographs, ca. 1957.
SC 0057. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Five black-and-white photographs of Madison College, includes views of the quad and dorm room interiors.

John H. Grabill Collection, 1817-1981 (bulk 1894-1922).
SC 3018. 1/2 Hollinger box, 8 folders; .21 linear feet.
Business documents, personal correspondence, and ephemera relating to John H. Grabill, the Grabill family of Shenandoah County, and the Shenandoah Herald.

*JMU Alum Papers*Mary Margaret Hall Papers, 1959-1963.
SC 5009.  Harrisonburg, VA; James Madison University; 1 folder.
Madison College related letters and receipts, class schedules, programs and laboratory directions.

John T. Harris Papers, 1771-1937 (bulk 1850-1900).
SC 0089. Harrisonburg, VA; 7 Hol. boxes, 2 oversize folders; 2.95 linear feet.
Personal and political documents relevant to the life and career of John T. Harris. The bulk of the collection is comprised of letters of John T. Harris and his family, and of Peyton Randolph and his family. Several letters discuss Southern secession and the American Civil War. Also included are Randolph family letters, James Clarkson Papers, Civil War documents and Harris genealogy.

*JMU Alum Papers* Marian Colton Smith Harris Papers, 1932-1938.
SC 5008.  Harrisonburg, VA:  James Madison University; 1 folder.
Contains memorabilia from the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg including letters, a teaching contract, application for teaching, and photographs. 

Harrisonburg Historic Maps, 1867-1973.
MAP 9000.  Harrisonburg, VA; 381 items, 20 Map Folders, one .5 Hollinger Box, one oversized box.

The Harrisonburg Historic Maps Collection, 1867-1973 consists of 381 items including blueprints, drawings and corresponding paperwork created by the City of Harrisonburg.  These items present proposed road improvements, sewer and water lines, bridge plans, land exchanges and sub-divisions added to the city. 

Harrisonburg Redevelopment & Housing Authority Photographs, 1960-1987.
SC 0235. Harrisonburg, VA; 2 Hollinger boxes, 1 half-Hollinger box, .86 cubic feet.
Photographs used by the Harrisonburg Redevelopment & Housing Authority in their urban renewal programs.

Harrisonburg Town Council Minutes, 1849-1859.
SC 4048.  Harrisonburg, VA; 1 CD-ROM.

Contains several files: images of the ledger, transcription of the first year of incorporation (1849-1850), and a May 1, 2007 press release describing the digital project.

Harrisonburg-Rockingham County Day Care Center Records, 1969-1991.
SC 3055. Rockingham Cty., VA; 2 Hol. boxes.
Minutes, by-laws, and other office records and history of one of the first community day care facilities in the area.

Harrisonburg-Rockingham Historic Properties Collection, 1989-2006.
SC 5016. Harrisonburg, VA; 2.8 linear feet; 3 Hollinger boxes and 1 oversized box.
National Register of Historic Places nomination forms and supporting documents; maps, floor plans and images for properties in the vicinity of Rockingham County and the City of Harrisonburg generated by students in James Madison University's Historic Preservation class.

Harrisonburg-Rockingham Historical Society Collection.
SC 0117. Central Shenandoah Valley; 1740-1950. 6 boxes, 1 flat folder, 3.0 cubic feet.
Wide variety of legal, business, school, and church records; also personal papers. Organized into Legal/Governmental, Business/Institutional, and Family series.

Dale F. Harter Collection of Undocumented Deeds: An Exhibit on the History of Harrisonburg's African-American Community, 1930-1985; 1991.
SC 0105. Harrisonburg, VA; 4 folders, .16 cubic feet.
Photocopies of news clippings, school reunion programs, portions of church histories, scrapbooks, newsletters, photos, etc. used in the Harrisonburg-Rockingham Historical Society's 1991 exhibit on African-Americans in Harrisonburg.

John L. Heatwole Collection of Shenandoah Valley History, 1802-1901.
SC 0092. Central Shenandoah Valley; 3 folders, .2 cubic feet
Miscellaneous documents that by virtue of signer, billhead, printer, location or some other characteristic have significance for Shenandoah Valley history.

John L. Heatwole Personal Papers, 1973-1995.
SC 0101. Rockingham Cty. VA; 2 boxes, .84 cubic feet.
Diaries, incoming letters, and business documents relevant to Heatwole's work as a sculptor of Shenandoah Valley folk themes.

Hedrick Family Collection, 1856-1959.
SC 4043. Rockingham Cty. VA. 2.09 linear feet; 1/2 Hol. box; 6 folders.
Correspondence and business papers documenting the Hedrick family, which has been part of the Elkton community for generations.

Jacob Heischman Daybook, 1879-1880.
SC 0113. Shenandoah Cty, VA. 1 bound daybook.

Daily entries by purchaser of groceries and general merchandise from Heischman's Mount Clifton, Virginia, general store from March 3, 1879 to March 30, 1880.

Henkel Family Papers, 1783-1916.
SC 0099. Shenandoah Cty. VA; 2 Hollinger boxes & 1 oversize box; 1.24 cubic feet.
Letters, business and religious documents, and family history materials of Paul, Ambrose, Socrates and other Henkel family members; newspapers and advertisements printed by Henkel Press.

*JMU Alum Papers* Bertha Couchman Hess and Ethel Virginia Dunn Correspondence, 1918-1927.
SC 0063. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 2 letter folders, .12 cubic feet.
Four postcards and seven letters written by Hess and Dunn, her niece, to their family in Martinsburg, West Virginia. Couchman authored three postcards while visiting Harrisonburg in August 1918 and the remainder of the correspondence was written by Dunn while she was a student at the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg and while she was a teacher in Morgantown, West Virginia.

Historic Manuscript Collection, 1250-1584.
SC 2007. 16 items; 1.88 linear feet.
Consists of sixteen leaves that had been part of various bound volumes created in Europe at different times from the Medieval to the Modern periods. Six of the leaves are examples of early printing techniques and ten are manuscripts created by the Catholic Church before 1600. The items are housed in one 1/2 Hollinger box and one oversize flat box.

History Harvest Collection, 1880-2012.

SC 5030. 605 digital scans. 20.63 GB of data.

Under the direction of Dr. Andrew Witmer, students in the Spring 2012 Introduction to U.S. Religious History Class worked to compile a digital collection of local religious artifacts. The class hosted a "History Harvest" in which local community members brought in items of religious significance to be digitized and shared with the community via JMU Libraries.

Hoak Ledger, 1794-1855.  
SC 4023.  Page Cty ?, VA; 1 folder. 
One ledger, mostly in German script.

Christine Hoepfner Collection, 1911-2000.
SC 4042.  Shenandoah National Park, VA;  1 1/2 Hol. boxes.
Photocopies of letters, reports, and news stories, mostly from the National Archives and the Shenandoah National Park Archives, that deal with the removal of families from the Park.

J. W. Hollis to Joseph Funk Letters, 1832, 1836.
SC 0242. Winchester/Harrisonburg, VA; 9 folders, .2 cubic feet.
Nine letters written to Joseph Funk by his publisher J. W. Hollis of Winchester, Virginia. The letters discuss in considerable detail various editorial changes to Funk's works A Compilation of Genuine Church Music and The Confession of Faith, which Hollis printed in 1832 and 1837 respectively.

Mr. & Mrs. James Hoover Collection of Strickler Family Papers, 1770-1963.
SC 0098. Page Cty., VA; 2 Hol. boxes & 1 Oversize folder.
Business and legal documents, genealogy, and letters of the Strickler family, one of the first to settle Page County. Incl. Civil War letters from 10th VA Reg., letters on mining in the West, and items relevant to Reuben T., Joseph, Joseph T., and two Mary Stricklers.

Houck Tannery Records.
See McHone Brothers (LLC) Collection of Houck Tannery Records, SC 4044

*JMU Faculty Papers* William Ingham Papers, 1945-2013. 
SC 0002. Harrisonburg, VA. 94 Hollinger boxes, 2 half-Hollinger boxes, 31.36 cubic feet.
Professional and academic papers of Dr. William Ingham, professor emeritus of physics at James Madison University.

Iron Foundry Ledger, 1797-1798.  
SC 4036.  Shenandoah Cty., VA.  1/2 Hol. box.
Photocopy of a ledger believed to be from one of the iron foundries along Smith Creek near New Market, VA., dated 1797-1798.   

Charles Jackson Letter Books, 1890-1904.

SC 0234. New York, NY and Virginia; 1 box; .4 cubic feet.

Two letter books and one day book containing assorted correspondence, legal cases, and personal viewpoints of Charles Jackson as he acted as a New York lawyer and Virginia business operator. He was heavily involved in the Shenandoah Land & Anthracite Coal Company.

*JMU Faculty Papers* Marie M. Jenkins Papers, 1963-1974.
SC 5001. Harrisonburg, VA; 5 Hol. boxes.
Materials documenting Dr. Jenkin's pioneering research on planarians, mostly at JMU, & correspondence.

JMU Sports Posters Collection, 1976-2000.

SC 5033. Harrisonburg, VA; 13 large folders.

Contains posters, mainly from the 1990s, advertising sports events for that school year, as well as an advertising poster for the JMU UREC facility.

*JMU Papers* Nancy B. Jones Collection, 1909-2000 (bulk 1993-2000).
SC 5013.  Harrisonburg, VA; 1/2 Hol. box.
Responses to requests for memories for Jones' history of JMU, published 2004.  Also contains letters and images.  

Nathan L. Jones Scrapbook, 1922-1974.
SC 0127. Staunton, VA; 1 scrapbook; .3 cubic feet.
Scrapbook of photographs, drawings, letters, and legal documents pertaining to the life and experiences of Nathan L. Jones, retired district highway equipment superintendent of the Virginia Department of Highways and Transportation.

Mary Jordan Diary, 1879.
SC 4025.  Harrisonburg, VA; 1 item.
Diary documents daily life.   

Kappa Kappa Psi Records, 1958-2009 (bulk 1979-2009).
UA 0021. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 14 boxes, 5.86 cubic feet.
Organizational files of and pertaining to the Eta Omicron chapter of the band service fraternity Kappa Kappa Psi at James Madison University. In addition to these administrative files is a large collection of photographic and ephemeral material.

Kurt Kehr Collection, 1969-1994.
SC 5028. Shenandoah Valley; 1 and 1/2 Hollinger boxes.
This collection contains 24 CDs, 18 tapes, and 11 articles resulting from Dr. Kehr’s scholarship on the development and distribution of German dialects among various groups in Virginia and West Virginia.

William H. Keister Collection, 1923-1955 (bulk 1941).
SC 3015. Harrisonburg, VA; 1/2 Hol. box.
Letters of appreciation for Wm. Keister's fifty years of service in the Harrisonburg school system, loose correspondence, and miscellany.

*JMU Alum Papers* Alice Virginia Kellam Scrapbook, 1923-1925. 
SC 5004.  Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1/2 Hollinger box.  One scrapbook compiled during Miss Kellam's enrollment in professional courses at the State Normal School for Women in Harrisonburg, Virginia.

George W. Kemper, Jr. Medical Ledger, 1857-1892 (bulk 1861-1868).
SC 3093. Rockingham Cty, VA; 2 folders.
Entries by name with brief notations (little direct mention of Civil War).

*JMU Alum Papers* Eva Rooshup Kohl Papers, 1919, 1971.
SC 0040. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Paper memorabilia belonging to Eva Rooshup Kohl from her time as a student at the State Normal School for Women.

Lanier Garden Club Records, 1955-1989.
SC 0115. Harrisonburg, VA; 3 boxes, 1.90 cubic feet.
Ten scrapbooks of clippings, photos, programs documenting the Lanier Garden Club.

*JMU Alum Papers* Emily Lee Papers, 1943-2001. 
SC 5007.  Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 2 Hol. boxes.
Documents Emily Lewis Lee's work with JMU Alumni Assoc. and Board of Visitors, including reunions of class of 1943, class gift of University mace, appointments and awards.

Liskey Collection of Heavner Family Papers, 1797-1967.
SC 5006.  1 Hollinger box; .44 linear feet.
Personal correspondence, business and personal financial records, and various other items pertaining to the William Heavner family, documented through the maternal side.  Names include Aubrey, Breneman, Liskey, Hughes, Brake, Dove, Hess, and Trumbo.

Libraries & Educational Technologies Records, 1939-2014.
UA 0008. 23 letter Hollinger boxes, 3 legal Hollinger boxes, 1 oversized flat box, 1 map folder; 19 linear feet
The Library & Educational Technology (L&ET) Records contain the administrative records for JMU Libraries & Educational Technologies from 1939-2014. In addition to administrative records, this collection also contains historical items relating to the history of the library.

Thomas N. and Sarah C. Lindsey Letter, 1861.
SC 0067. Churchville, VA; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Letter dated June 24, 1861, just two months after the start of the American Civil War. The Lindseys comment on the changes taking place in Churchville and the Shenandoah Valley as a result of the Civil War. Additionally, they mention the price and scarcity of goods, harvest yields, the evils of liquor, and general community news.

*JMU Alum Papers* Naomi Thacker Lockard Papers, 1941-1943.
SC 0054. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Contains Lockard’s course registration materials from her time as a student at Madison College.

W.E. Long & Sons General Store Collection, 1865-1971.
SC 5044. Rockingham County, VA; 7 Hollinger Boxes, 3.25 linear feet.     
The W.E. Long & Sons General Store Collection, 1865-1971, consists of seven boxes pertaining to the business at W. E. Long & Sons General Store. The collection is arranged into six series: 1.) Invoices, Advertisements, and Correspondence. 2.) Purchases and Orders. 3.) Bank Ledgers, Expenses, and Sales. 4.) Long's Stores Account Books. 5.) Long's Store Records. 6.) Mt. Clinton Post Office Records.

Lumber Ledgers, 1883-1890.
SC 0110. Central Shenandoah Valley/West Virginia/Pennsylvania; 1883-1890. 2 small ledgers, 1 folder, .08 cubic feet.
Documents a small sawmill and tanbark peeling operation.

*JMU Alum Papers* Mary Catherine Lyne Papers, 1942-2001.
SC 0046. 3 legal folders, .16 cubic feet.
Comprised of photographs, programs, memos, and newspaper clippings related to Mary Catherine Lyne’s time spent serving in the SPARS (the Women’s Reserve of the Coat Guard) from 1943 to 1947.

James Madison Memorabilia, 1796-1951.
SC 2099. VA; 1 Hol. box & 1 Flat box.
Misc. items alleged to be related to James Madison; none of James Madison's papers are included.

Manley Family Papers, 1707-1953.
SC 0085. Augusta, Franklin Counties, VA; Marion Cty, WV.; 2 boxes, 1 flat file.
V
arious documents pertaining to the Manley family's personal, genealogical, and business papers, covering several Virginia and West Virginia counties.  Included in the collection are letters written by family members and an assortment of legal papers detailing taxes and land deeds.

Marching Royal Dukes Records, 1975-2016.
UA 0016. Harrisonburg, VA; 33 boxes, 3 oversize flat folders, 26.74 cubic feet.
Organizational files pertaining to the operation of the JMU marching band from 1975-2016. In addition to these files, the records include ephemera, photographs, and audio-video recordings of and pertaining to the Marching Royal Dukes.

George C. Marshall High School Evaluating Committee Collection, 1965-1966.

SC 5048. Fairfax, VA; 1 Half Hol. box.

Support materials for the committee doing the evaluation of George C. Marshall High School in 1965-66.

*JMU Alum Papers* Julia Smith Martin Papers, 1945-1948.
SC 0036. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 2 letter folders, .12 cubic feet.
Event programs, disciplinary slips, and papers collected by Julia Lewis Smith Martin during her time as a student at Madison College.

Mathematical Practice Books, ca. 1781-1853; 1869.
SC 4046.  Harrisonburg, Rockingham Cty., VA. Two bound volumes.
Contains handwritten mathematical problems on weights, measures, interest, discounts, barter, loss and gain, and other practical accountancy problems.  Appear to have been used by the Harrison family.

George E. May Papers, c.1930s.

SC 0094. Port Repubic, VA; 5 folders; .1 cubic feet.

Typescript and autograph materials on the history of Port Republic in 31 chapters.

Eleanor McCartney Collection, 1891-1892.

SC 5042. Winchester, VA. 1 Hollinger box; 2 folders.

Contains recipes, a postcard, a small notebook, and the diary of Eleanor McCartney.

McHone Brothers (LLC) Collection of Houck Tannery Records, 1870-1913.
SC 4044.  Harrisonburg, VA;  6 record storage boxes, 1 Hollinger box, and 1 oversized flat box; 8.5 linear feet.
This collection documents the operations of the Houck Tannery and the J.P. Houck Store in Harrisonburg, Virginia, from 1870-1913, chiefly from 1890 to 1913.  The collection contains:  account ledgers, registries, correspondence, and financial and transportation documents that record this turn of the century industry.

McPheeters, Harper, and Swartzle Collection, 1849-1875.  
SC 4021.  Augusta County, VA; 3 documents.
VA Central Agricultural Society certificate; inventory of deceased person; article of agreement concerning farming.

Middle Ground Institute Collection, 1861-1897.
SC 3068. Page County, VA; 3 folders.
Typescripts of Civil War and other letters, and a published slave narrative.

Middlebrook School Minstrel Show Photograph, 1954.
SC 0066. Middlebrook, Augusta County, VA; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Depicts the cast, including students and presumably teachers and administrators, of a minstrel show at the Middlebrook School in Augusta County, Virginia.

L. R. Milbourne Letters, 1886-1906.
SC 0108. Luray, VA; 1 folder, .08 cubic feet.
Letters from preacher Milbourne to fiancée Virginia Strickler, and Strickler's wardrobe expense book.

 *JMU Alum Papers* Betty Clougherty Miller Papers, 1945-2000.

SC 5010.5.  Harrisonburg, VA; James Madison University.

Alumni Reunions 1995, 2000, German Cotillion, 1945.

Don C. Miller Collection, 1795-1799. 
SC 4049.  New Market, VA; Digital images of 1 bound volume. 
Consists of digital images of one ledger from the Pine Forge / Pennybacker iron furnace near New Market, VA.

Gordon W. Miller Collection, 1787-2005. 
SC 5014.  Bridgewater, VA; 2/3s of 1 records storage box.
An original publication and research materials documenting Gabriel T. Barbee's influence in the Virginia Farmers' Alliance, 1887-1894. 

Mrs. John Miller Collection of New Market Documents, 1791-1873.
SC 0114. New Market, VA; 1 folder, .27 cubic feet.
Facsimiles of 1791 plat, 1806 resurvey of Palsel plat, 1873 map, all of New Market.

Milling Company Ledger, 1891.
SC 0116. Woodstock, VA.; 1 ledger

Daily entries by individual and business name for "elect," "bran," "champ," as well as "fert," "coal," and other goods.

Ezra M. Minnick Sr. Diary, 1900.
SC 0051. Timberville, VA; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
One Excelsior Diary with daily entries by Timberville, Virginia farmer and government inspector, Ezra M. Minnick Sr. General subject matter includes weather reports, local and state politics, business dealings, and personal news and events.

Miscellaneous Historical Newspapers Collection, 1788-1828.
SC NEWS. 1 newspaper box.
Contains twelve newspaper issues from nine Early American newspapers.

*JMU Faculty Papers*Geoffrey Morley-Mower Collection, 1999-2001.

SC 5015. Harrisonburg, VA.

Final draft of Flying Blind and correspondence with illustrator, Richard K. McNealy.

Hugh Starke Morrison Account Book, 1871-1876.
SC 0004. Harrisonburg, VA; One 285-page ledger in one half-Hollinger box, .2 cubic feet.
One ledger that documents the business transactions and expenses of Hugh Starke Morrison's photography studio in Harrisonburg, Virginia.

*JMU Faculty Papers* Lee Morrison Collection 1941-2011.

SC 5041. Harrisonburg, VA; 2 Boxes, 48 Folders.

Dr. Lonnie "Lee" Leotus Morrison was a professor, coach, and administrator at Madison College. She dedicated her career to promoting gender equality in collegiate athletics. Included in this collection are materials from numerous conferences, speeches, diplomas and awards, photos, reports on women's ossues in sport and  education, and personal reflections.

Mattie E. Mowry Farm Ledger, 1896-1926.
SC 0245. Augusta County, VA; 2 folders, .1 cubic feet.
Ledger begins with inventory following expense and sales trackers including grain, livestock, animal products, labor, bills, and miscellaneous. Inside the ledger were a large number of laid in papers that include calculations, personal notes, and tax statements. The back of the ledger includes multiple templates, tables, how-tos, rules, and remedies.

Mt. Clinton Telephone Company Ledger, 1916-1952.
SC 3038.  Mt. Clinton, VA.
Contains names with assessed and paid amounts for people who had telephone service. Also includes notes on who shared lines and owned stock.

Mt. Clinton Voter Registers, 1867-1901.
SC 0010. Mt. Clinton, VA; 1 half-Hollinger box, .2 cubic feet.
Three voter registers for Mt. Clinton in Rockingham County, Virginia. Two voter registers document white male voters and one register documents "colored" male voters. The collection also includes two notes and one printed document from the Commonwealth of Virginia.

*JMU Alum Papers* Patricia Bourne Munoz, 1952-1955.
SC 0038. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Two items, including one program from the Madison College May Day of 1957 and one program from a 1955 Virgil Fox organ concert, belonging to Patricia Bourne Munoz, a 1957 Madison College graduate.

Virginia Hisey Myers Collection of Shenandoah County Ledgers, 1894-1900.
SC 0100. Shenandoah Cty, VA; 2 boxes; .8 cubic feet.
Ledgers from L. M. Hisey & Co. and Wightman & Hisey, dealers in farm products and implements.

National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, Massanutton Chapter Records, 1895-2016.
SC 0076. Rockingham Cty, VA; 10 boxes, 3.56 cubic feet.
Consists of official papers of the Chapter: minutes, reports, yearbooks, and a small number of correspondence and subject files. Also included are four scrapbooks of clippings and notes.

New Market Climate Data, 1902-1920.
SC 3067. New Market, VA; 1 folder.
One small notebook noting temperature and occasional other weather details.

New Market Ledger, 1879-1891.
SC 3094. New Market, VA; 1 ledger.
Unidentified general store.

New Market Poll Books, 1873-1879.
SC 0109. New Market, VA; 1 folder, .08 cubic feet.
Bound books contain oaths of judges and clerks and signatures of electors in New Market in the Lee Magisterial District of Shenandoah County.

Charles Triplett O'Ferrall Papers, 1870-1893.

SC 0086. Harrisonburg, VA; 1/2 Hol. and 1 Flat box.
Mostly personal and legal letters to Judge O'Ferrall when he resided in Harrisonburg, Virginia, before being elected Governor. Also includes small amount of miscellaneous legal and financial documents.

Office of the President: Board of Visitors, 1908-2001.
UA 0010. Harrisonburg, VA; 18 Hollinger boxes, 2 half-Hollinger boxes, 1 oversize Hollinger box, 6.94 cubic feet
Documents the activities of the James Madison University Board of Visitors and its predecessor, the Board of Trustees. Materials include meeting minutes, correspondence, financial documents, and president’s reports.

Otto Brothers Letters, 1865.
SC 0014. Hancock Station, VA; 1 legal folder, .08 cubic feet.
The Otto Brothers Letters consist of three letters from Jacob W. and Henry H. Otto to their friends and parents in Altoona, Pennsylvania, dated February 24, March 10, and March 18, 1865. They write to inform their loved ones of their condition while their regiment is stationed near Hancock Station, Virginia.

*JMU Alum Papers* Delphine Hurst Parsons Papers, 1923-1976 (bulk 1923-1931).
SC 0012. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 2 Hollinger boxes, 1 half-Hollinger box, 3 oversize boxes, 2.47 cubic feet.
Correspondence, paper ephemera, annotated yearbooks, and memorabilia belonging to Delphine Hurst Parsons from her time as a student at Maury High School in Norfolk, Virginia and the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg.

"Peggy's Doctor" Cast Photograph, ca. 1934-1935.
SC 0022. 1 legal folder, .08 cubic feet.
Black-and-white promotional still photograph with text overlaid depicting the cast of the radio drama “Peggy’s Doctor” which ran from 1934-1935.

*JMU Alum Papers* Emilyn Peterson Papers, 1929-2002 (bulk 1929-1933).
SC 0009. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 5 legal folders (in one half-Hollinger box), .1 cubic feet.
Materials relating to Emilyn Peterson’s time as a student at the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg. Included are academic and athletic materials, memorabilia and ephemera, tickets to sporting and theatrical events, and newspaper clippings from The Breeze
.

John Frederick Pierson Papers, 1864-1925.
SC 0015. New York; 2 legal folders, .16 cubic feet.
Collection of James Frederick Pierson’s personal copies of Civil War and post-Civil War literature including enlistment parameters and several invitations, dinner menus, programs, and other memorabilia from various veteran associations to which Mr. Pierson belonged.

Plains District, Rockingham County School Ledger, 1886-1892.
SC 4041.  Rockingham Cty, VA.  1 bound ledger, 15” x 9 ¾”.
Contains daily and term records of attendance listing pupils by name, sex, age, and pursued subject studies with lists of textbooks and authors in addition to a brief visitors’ log for Plains District School(s).

"Prayer Meeting in a Contraband Camp - Washington, 1862" Steel Engraving, 1887.
SC 0060. 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Engraving featuring imagery of African-American worshippers, crowded into a small dark cabin. The prayer meeting attendees are depicted as singing, clapping, dancing, stomping their feet, and generally moving about energetically with arms uplifted.

*JMU Alum Papers* Agnes Mason Price Papers, 1930-1935.
SC 0034. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 2 letter folders, .12 cubic feet.
Materials from Price’s time as a student at the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg. The collection includes report cards and receipts.

Project Concern, Inc. Records, 1969-1982.

SC 4011. Rockingham Cty, VA; 9 Hollinger Boxes.

The records and documentation of Project Concern, Inc., including minutes, projects and programs, as well as information on local transactions and relationships with other organizations.

*JMU Alum Papers* Jay G. Rainey Papers, 1970-1996, bulk 1970-1977.
SC 0024. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 5 legal folders, .1 cubic feet.
Materials relate to Rainey's role in the April 1970 protest of three faculty members' non-reappointment. Additional materials are related to The Fixer, a student-run newspaper of which Rainey was an editor, and political brochures and newsletters from the AFL-CIO.

Recipe Book, 1855.
SC 4035.  Rockingham Cty., VA; 1 item.
A book of handwritten recipes for breads, cakes, puddings, pickles, and other foods. 

Margaret Reed Collection, 1902-1914.

SC 0093.  Various locations; 1 legal-sized folder.

Contains a handwritten letter from Charles T. O'Ferrall to Mary "Mayme" Clarke Robinson, typed transcript of letter, and a photocopy of Mayme Clarke Robinson's DAR application.

*JMU Faculty Papers* James Rex Riley Papers, 1970-1985.
SC 5003. Various locations; 1 1/2 Hol. boxes and 3 Flat boxes.
Manuscripts and recordings of Dr. Riley's musical compositions, many done while he was a faculty member at JMU (1981-1987).

Patricia Turner Ritchie Collection on Brocks Gap, 1750-1990s.
SC 3088. Rockingham Cty. VA; 2 and 1/2 Hol. boxes.
Photocopies of deeds, wills, surveys, patents, road agreements, accounts, letters, etc. compiled by P.T. Ritchie. Incl. annotated indexes.

Rockingham County Circuit Court Receipts, 1875-1882.
SC 3086. Rockingham Cty. VA; 4.5 inches.
Receipts for "order and continuance" and other court fees.

Rockingham County Ledger, 1878-1892.

SC 5045. Rockingham Cty. VA; 1 folder, 1 ledger.

A ledger containing the accounts of livestock companies in Rockingham County.

Rockingham County Legal Documents Collection, 1866-1935.
SC 4039.  Rockingham County, VA; 40 documents, 1 folder.
Deeds, surveys, wills, etc. pertaining to farmland near Keezletown. 

Rockingham Public Library. Collection, 1767-1873.
SC 3060. Rockingham Cty., VA; 1 Hol. box.
Mostly legal materials documenting early governance of the county.

Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27 A.F. & A.M. Collection, 1847-1905.
SC 4052. Rockingham Cty., VA; 1 Flat box.
Consists of photocopies and digital images of materials removed from the cornerstone of Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27 located at 114 South Main Street, Harrisonburg, on November 28, 2006.

*JMU Alum Papers* V. Inez Graybeal Roop Collection, 1913-2005.
SC 5005.  Harrisonburg, VA; James Madison University, 4 Holl boxes.
Correspondence, programs, photos, & other materials documenting the services that Mrs. Roop, a 1935 alumna, has performed for JMU.

*JMU Alum Papers* Iris Alina Ruiz Collection, 1939-1942.

SC 5051. Harrisonburg, VA; James Madison University; 1 Holl. box, 1 flat box.

Materials pertaining to Iris Alina Ruiz during her years as a student at Madison College from 1939-1942.

*JMU Faculty Papers* John A. Sawhill Collection, 1756-1848.
SC 0111.  VA; 1 folder, .27 cubic feet.
Contains seven miscellaneous documents of American and British origin, including Virginia land grants and commissions; two issues of the London Whitehall Evening Post.

George W. W. Scothern Daybooks, 1905-1909.
SC 3071. Shenandoah County, VA; 2 ledgers.
One ledger is a photographer's account record; second lists general merchandise.

Philip H. Scott Letters, 1951-1953.
SC 0019. Harrisonburg, VA. 1 legal folder, .08 cubic feet.
Four letters, three of which are addressed to Philip H. Scott, a seventh generation descendant of James Madison, from the Office of the Dean at Madison College. The fourth is a handwritten draft letter from Scott to Percy H. Warren, Chairman of the Madison Day Celebration.

Kenneth E. Sensabaugh Papers, 1944-2009 (bulk 1944-1954).
SC 0248. Augusta County, VA; 2 boxes, .39 cubic feet..
Materials related to Kenneth E. Sensabaugh’s career in the U. S. Navy. Items include photographs, sketch portraits of Sensabaugh, discharge papers, and ephemera.

Samuel Shacklett Store Daybooks, 1845-1866. 
SC 4040.  Harrisonburg, VA.
Three daybooks documenting purchases of a wide range of materials.  

*JMU Faculty Papers* Edna T. Shaeffer Retirement Letters, 1940, 1956.
SC 0061. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Approximately 60 congratulatory letters presented to Shaeffer upon her retirement as director of the Glee Club from Madison College. Correspondents are former students who sang under direction and tutelage.

David E. Shank Automobile Receipt, 1968.
SC 0244. Harrisonburg, VA; 1 folder, .08 cubic feet..
Documents David Shank's trade-in of a 1964 Cadillac and subsequent purchase of a 1968 Lincoln Continental sedan from Royal Motor Company in Harrisonburg, Virginia.

Shenandoah County Mill Ledger, 1869-1944. 
SC 4053.  Shenandoah County, VA.
Account ledger documents the business transactions of a Shenandoah County grist or sawmill.  It may be Manor Mill or another mill west of New Market, perhaps near Quicksburg, on the Shenandoah River.  

Shenandoah Local History Collection, 1791-1900.

SC 5055. Shenanddoah Valley; 1 flat box.

This collection contains many different documents pertaining to the local history of the Shenandoah Valley during the nineteenth century. There are photos, land grants, family papers, church meeting minutes, and autograph albums.

Shenandoah Valley Bicycle Coalition Records, 1983-2016.
SC 0230. Shenandoah Valley, VA. 2 boxes, .8 cubic feet.
Documents the activities of the Shenandoah Valley Bicycle Coalition (SVBC), formerly named the Shenandoah Valley Bicycle Club. Materials include newsletters, meeting minutes, correspondence, and promotional material and route maps for the Annual Shenandoah Valley Century Ride.


Shenandoah Valley Legal Documents, 1751-1965.
SC 4051.  Central Shenandoah Valley; 1/2 Hol. box. 
Legal documents, primarily deeds pertaining to the Riddel Family in Rockingham County.  Also includes Plains District real estate tax receipts.

Shenandoah Valley Miscellaneous Ledgers, Minute Books, and Registers, 1804-1933 (bulk 1820s-1890s).
SC 0079. Central Shenandoah Valley; 41 ledgers; 6 Hol. boxes, 3 oversize Hollinger boxes, and 1 oversize item; 4.6 linear feet.

The Shenandoah Valley Miscellaneous Ledgers, Minute Books, and Registers, 1804-1933, are comprised of an assortment of bound record books from various organizations and individuals, documenting a variety of agricultural, social, commercial, and educational endeavors in Harrisonburg and surrounding counties in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Shenandoah Valley Regional Studies Seminar Collection, 1995-2009.
SC 5027. Shenandoah Valley; 7 Hol. boxes, 3 linear feet.

Administrative records and papers by scholars for the monthly presentations of the Shenandoah Valley Regional Studies Seminar.

*JMU Alum Papers* Shuler Family Papers, 1893-1930.
SC 0071. Port Republic, VA, Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 2 boxes, .6 cubic feet.
One scrapbook of recipes and home remedies, three ledgers, and one State Normal School course notebook created by the Shuler family of Port Republic, Virginia.

Hester A. Helmick Simmons Receipts, 1945-1948.
SC 0062. Grant County, WV. 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
Approximately 85 cancelled checks from the Grant County Bank (Petersburg, West Virginia) checking account of Hester Helmick. Recipiencts include businesses (Sears Roebuck & Co., Grant County Press, Grit Publishing Co., and Thompson's Market) and individuals.

Sister Speak Records, 1998-2013.
UA 0015. Harrisonburg, VA; 2 Hol. boxes, .66 cubic feet.

The Sister Speak Records include administrative files from 2001-2013 related to Sister Speak, a feminist literary journal and organization at James Madison University.

Slave Bill of Sale, 1858.
SC 0016. 1 legal folder, .08 cubic feet.
The bill of sale for “Negro Girl Edny,” July 1, 1858, consists of a single hand-written receipt documenting the monetary value and sale of an enslaved female by owner J. Vanderveer.

Henry Smals Diaries, 1871-1891.
SC 0096. Bridgewater, VA; 3 boxes, .7 cubic feet.
18 diaries of small town news and activities. A partial index and a list of highlights provide additional access.

*JMU Faculty Papers* Elmer L.  Smith Collection, undated (20th century).
SC 4038.  Shenandoah Valley, VA; undated (20th century). 6 folders.
Contains handwritten and typed notes on folk healing, conjuring, ghosts, superstitions, and other aspects of Shenandoah Valley folklore.

Snell Grocery and Hardware Company Ledger, 1913-1916.
SC 5017.  Harrisonburg, VA.
One 10 3/4" x 16" x 2 1/4" account ledger for Snell Grocery and Hardware Company in Harrisonburg, Virginia.

Snyder Ledger Collection, 1853-1865.
SC 5026.  Augusta, VA.
Snyder Ledger Collection consists of two ledgers that document the business transactions of John Snyder, a blacksmith living in the area of Augusta County.

Sons of Confederate Veterans Collection, 1896-1964.
SC 3040. Harrisonburg, VA; 1 Hol. box.
Misc. items from national and state headquarters; membership and other records from D.H. Lee Martz Camp 10 in Harrisonburg; membership applications; annual reports of other camps in VA.

Sons of Temperance of North America, Virginia, Marshall Division, No. 3 Minute Book, 1844-1848.
SC 0078. Harrisonburg, VA;  1 bound volume.
The collection consists of one minute book of the Sons of Temperance of the State of Virginia, Marshall Division No. 3, including the division's constitution, meeting minutes, and brief financial reports.

*JMU Alum Papers* Clara Soter Papers, 1969-1971.
SC 0042. Virginia; 2 letter folders, .12 cubic feet.
Materials include the January 1971 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association and one report by Soter entitled “Sound Barrier,” written for the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital in Norfolk, Virginia.

Alpha Spitzer Travel Diary, 1939.
SC 0069. Broadway, VA; 1 folder; .06 cubic feet.
Diary chronicling Spitzer’s trip with her sister Margaret from Broadway, Virginia to Pueblo, Colorado and back during the summer of 1939. Both Spitzer sisters were alumni of Broadway High School and the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg.

Charles Spitzer Letters, 1833-1886.
SC 3065. New Market, VA; 1 folder.
Mostly letters among members of Spitzer family, dealing with day to day matters; two deal with gunsmith business.

Spotswood Garden Club. Papers, 1926-1995.
SC 3090. Harrisonburg, VA; 1 records box.
Minutes and history of the club, which promoted conservation of and beautification through flowers and trees.

Staunton Academy Records, 1808-1828.
SC 0074. Staunton, VA; 1 folder; 10 items.
The collection consists primarily of minutes from the board of trustees' meeting of the Staunton Academy as well as correspondence and issues addressed at said meetings.

Robert Stephen Papers, 1815-1849.
SC 0243. Greenbrier County, VA (WV); 1 folder, .08 cubic feet..
Primarily documents the taxes paid by Greenbrier County, Virginia (now West Virginia) resident, Robert Stephen. The tax receipts document the taxes Stephen paid to the sheriff of Greenbrier County and include taxes paid for slaves, cattle, and land.

Stephens and Yount Family Papers, 1812-1991 (bulk 1812-1938).
SC 0251. Rockingham County and Augusta County, VA; 4 boxes; 1.41 cubic feet.
Primarily documents the Richard Stephens family of Rockingham County, Virginia and his descendants. Materials include correspondence, receipts, financial documents, indentures, deeds, and ephemera. Documents related to slavery, the Civil War, and Jim Crow era imagery are of particular interest

*JMU Faculty Papers* John G. Stewart Collection, 1761-2002.
SC 4016. Rockingham Cty. VA and Pendleton Cty, VA; 5 Hol. boxes; 2.09 linear feet.
Research materials and topical files, in English and German, pertaining to Shenandoah Valley folk culture, including recipes, cures for ailments, folklore stories, images, and other traditions gathered and documented by John G. Stewart and Elmer Smith, former professors at Madison College during the 1960s.

Jessie Stoutamyer Diary, 1905, 1911.
SC 0059. Lone Fountain, Augusta County, VA; 1 letter folder, .06 cubic feet.
One bound (hand-stitched) diary kept by 18-year-old Augusta County native, Jessie Jackson Stoutamyer. Stoutamyer’s entries include her daily activities and family news. Also included is a separate sheet on which Stoutamyer transcribed “The Yellow Rose of Texas.”

Mr. & Mrs. Robert H. Strickler Collection, 1816-1903.
SC 3025. Rockingham Cty. VA; 5 1/2 Hol. boxes and 1 Flat box.
Daybooks and ledgers from the Zigler's family tannery, pottery, saw mill and other businesses in Timberville. Business interests changed over time, with later entries suggesting blacksmithing and farm supplies. Some entries identify African-Americans.

JMU Student Government Association Records, 1915-2015.
UA 0007. Harrisonburg, VA; 29 Hollinger boxes, 2 half-Hollinger boxes, 3 Oversize flat boxes.
The JMU Student Government Association Records consist of 18.03 linear feet of material relating to the activities of the James Madison University's Student Government Association (SGA) from its establishment as the Student Association of the State Normal School for Women at Harrisonburg in 1915 until 2015.

*JMU Faculty Papers* Robert J. Sullivan Jr. Papers, ca. 1930-2013.
SC 0003. Harrisonburg. VA; 12 boxes, 4 flat files.
Professional and personal records and reports documenting Sullivan's time as City Planner of Harrisonburg from 1965-1991, his career in the Political Science Department at James Madison University, and work as the “unofficial historian” of Harrisonburg. Materials include city planning reports, newspaper articles, photographs, scrapbooks, and maps.

"The Negro" Lithograph, ca. 1850-1860.
SC 0021. One 4 1/2 x 6 3/4” lithograph card; .08 cubic feet.
Lithograph portrays a young man of African descent.

Leri M. Thomas Papers, 1935-1995 (bulk 1988-1992).
SC 4015. Central Shenandoah Valley; 1 Hol. box.
Varied documents reflecting relationship between Shenandoah National Park and residents of surrounding counties.

*JMU Faculty Papers* William W. Thomas Papers, 1971-2008.

SC 5058. Harrisonburg, VA; 13 Hol. boxes.

Dr. Thomas’ personal papers extracted from his estate after his death in 2008.

Thompson Family Papers, 1869-1944.
SC 0246. Rockingham County, VA; 1 box, .2 cubic feet..
Documents the lives of Benjamin F. Thompson of Rockingham County, Virginia and his immediate family. The collection includes correspondence, diaries, a weather journal, financial and legal documents, genealogical notes, and family photographs.

Mary A. Thompson Papers, 1893-1974.
SC 3097. Harrisonburg, VA; 1 Hol. box.
Household finances and small amt. of family, local and church records.

*JMU Alum Papers* Sarah McAllister Thrash Papers, 1951-1995.
SC 0037. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 3 letter folders; .12 cubic feet.
Memorabilia from Sarah McAllister Thrash’s time as a student at Madison College in the early 1950s. The collection is comprised primarily of photographs taken at Madison College alumni events dating from the early 1970s to 1995.

*JMU Alum Papers* Audie Scott Tilghman Papers, 1925-1930.
SC 0011.  Harrisonburg, VA,  James Madison University; 6 folders.
This collection primarily consists of letters from 1927 sent from Audie to her family in Norfolk during her first year at the State Teachers College in Harrisonburg, Virginia. Also contains bills, a student handbook, and various ephemera from 1925-1930.

Timberville Farmers Exchange Minute Book, 1919-1929.
SC 5018. 1919-1929. Timberville, VA.
One 8 3/4" x 14" x 1 1/4" minute book and one folder of loose recorded minutes and other insserts, 1919-1929.

Trio Beauty Salon Collection, 1935-2007.
SC 5029. 1935-2007. Harrisonburg, VA; 4 Hol. boxes. Contains various records and mementos related to the Trio Beauty Salon of Harrisonburg, VA including legal and financial documents, record books, and personal documents of the operators of the salon.

Union General Orders No. 190, 1863.
SC 0017. 1 legal folder, .08 cubic feet
Printed Union Army directive issued during the American Civil War. This directive was ordered by the Union Assistant Adjutant General Edward D. Townsend, and called for all new recruits to be paid a sum of $402.00 and for those who re-enlisted to be paid $400.00.

United Confederate Veterans. Collection, 1893-1938.
SC 3045. Harrisonburg, VA; 1 Hol. box.
Misc. items from national and state headquarters, and membership and other records from S.B. Gibbons Camp 438, incl. roll of Woodson's Co., McNiell's Partisan Rangers.

United Daughters of the Confederacy. Southern Cross of Honor Documents.
SC 0097. Shenandoah Valley; 1905-1941. 1/2 Hol. box and 1 Oversize folder.
Records and applications of Shenandoah Valley residents who received the Southern Cross of Honor and the Cross of Military Service from the UDC.

United Daughters of the Confederacy. Turner Ashby Chapter. Records, 1896-1991.
SC 3010. Central Shenandoah Valley; 1 Hol. box and 2 Flat boxes.
Mostly membership applications; also charters, programs, scrapbooks, yearbooks, and interviews on Valley history.

U.S. Forest Service. George Washington National Forest. Lost River and Massanutten, 1912-1940.
SC 0106. Frederick, Rockingham, Page, and Shenandoah counties, VA; Hampshire and Hardy counties, WV; 1 folder, .08 cubic feet.
Four reports, on Massanutten and Lost River Working Circles, giving condition and history of portions of the northern part of what is now George Washington National Forest.

U.S. Forest Service. George Washington National Forest. Dry River District Records, 1917-1994.
SC 0083. Rockingham & Augusta Cties, VA; 2 Hollinger boxes and 12 maps.
Most materials concern fire suppression; also some recreational and historical information.

Valley of Virginia Pen Women Records, 1950-2013.
SC 0025. Shenandoah Valley, VA; 3 Hollinger boxes, 1 half-Hollinger box, 3 oversize Hollinger boxes, 2 flat oversize boxes; 4.1 cubic feet.
Administrative and organization records and scrapbooks of the Valley of Virginia Branch of the National League of American Pen Women.

Varner Family Papers, 1807-1933.
SC 3035. Page Cty. VA; 1 Hol. box.
Personal letters, incl. a few concerning the Civil War; tax receipts and other legal and financial documents; and a small body of papers dealing with the Varner distillery, 1869-1893.

*JMU Alum Papers* Audrey Hatcher Vaughan Papers, 1942-1944.
SC 5021. Harrisonburg, VA; 3 folders, 66 items.

Contains memorabilia and ephemera from Madison College including registration materials, exams, correspondence with WWII servicemen and fellow schoolmates, newspaper clippings, and a silk scarf.

Virginia Craftsmen Ledgers, 1938-1955.

SC 5061. Harrisonburg, VA; 9 Hollinger Boxes; 3.75 linear feet.

The collection consists of the business Ledgers of the Virginia Craftsmen of Harrisonburg, Virginia.

Virginia Theatre & New Virginia Theatre Playbills, 1914-1924.
SC 0080. Harrisonburg, VA; 1 folder.
Nine playbills giving program titles, actors, producers, and local advertisers.

Virginia Wilderness Committee, 1969-2009.

SC 5032. Shenandoah Valley; 5 storage boxes and 56 maps.

The Virginia Wilderness Committee Collection, 1969-2009, is comprised of 2.09 linear feet of documents pertaining to the organization's people, finances, meetings, newsletters, and projects, which include wilderness legislation, preservation, and protection in Virginia's National Forests and other wild areas.

Walton and Walton Law Firm Records, 1859-1900.
SC 0073. Woodstock, VA; 1 folder, 47 items.
Consists primarily of client correspondence, notes, summaries of legal cases (including Walton vs. Williams, Allen vs. Walton), and the settlement of the Jacob Dinges Estate of Woodstock, VA. Several documents in this collection involve John Edwin Roller, 1845-1918, lawyer, soldier, lecturer, and antiquarian of Rockingham County.

Wampler Business records, 1918-1972.
SC 5024. Rockingham Cty., VA; 32 boxes.
This collection contains correspondence, reports, photographs, business documents, financial statements, and other documents that relate to the businesses of Charles Wampler Sr. (Wampler Feed and Seed Company) and son, Charles Wampler Jr. (Wampler Food Incorporated).  The collection spans 1918 to 1972 with the majority of the material dated between 1940-1960.

Charles W. Wampler, Jr. Collection, 1798-1962.
SC 3095. Rockingham Cty., VA; 5 folders.
Tax and financial receipts, deeds, and letters related to Wampler family; some agricultural notes, especially on poultry raising.

Warden Ledger Collection, 1806-1880.
SC 5023. Hardy County., VA (now West Virginia).
This collection consists of three digital documents; one ledger and two estate appraisal documents from the antebellum and gilded periods of American history.  The ledger documents significant commerce in early antebellum Hardy County, then Virginia (now West Virginia).  The two estate documents are from homes of individuals who lived in Augusta County Virginia.

Margaret Grattan Weaver Collection, 1753-1992.
SC 0090. Rockingham Cty. VA; 1 Hol. box and 1 Oversize folders; 1.76 linear ft.
Materials relevant to local and religious history collected by lawyer and antiquarian John E. Roller, incl. speeches, misc. Civil War documents, notes on catechisms; and genealogy of Roller and Grattan families.

Elizabeth A. Wenger Collection, 1884-1951.
SC 4034.  Dayton, VA.  4 folders.
Letters and postcards to E.A. Wenger from relatives and friends, concerning daily life.  

West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company Logging Photographs, 1927-1931. 
SC 3037.   VA, NC and Unknown locations.  1 folder. of 36 photos.
Photographs of loggers (including African-American and child workers) cutting trees and peeling bark for pulpwood. 

Barbara White Tour Diary, 1921-1922.
SC 0007. Europe; 3 letter folders; .17 cubic feet.
Diary kept by Barbara White, graduate of Smith College, while traveling aboard the Cunard Liner RMS Albania to England, France, Switzerland, and Italy from 1921-1922.

*JMU Alum Papers* Katherine Winfrey Scrapbook, 1911-1912.
SC 0041. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; One 190-page scrapbook; .17 cubic feet.
Scrapbook containing
photographs, signatures, handwritten notes, calling cards, event programs, newspaper clippings, and miscellaneous pieces of ephemera relating to Winfrey’s time as a student at the State Normal School in Harrisonburg, Virginia.

Wise Family Collection, 1787-2012.
SC 0001. Rockingham County; half Hollinger Box, one oversized folder; .17 cubic feet.
The Wise Family Collection consists of genealogical records related to the Wise family of Rockingham County, Virginia and information about the Wise family home in Bridgewater, Virginia. The family Bible has been separated from the collection and cataloged as the Wise Family Bible.

Bettie Hiter Willis Letters, 1864-1942.

SC 5053. Shenandoah Valley, VA; 166 digital scans.

Diaries and letters from a young girl during the Civil War in the Shenandoah Valley along with family members of her descendants.

John W. Wilson Collection, 1766-1963.
SC 3012. Rockingham Cty. VA and nearby counties; 1/2 Hol. box & 1 Oversize folder.
A variety of documents (receipts, deeds, accounts, letters) relating mostly to Jacob Bear, Benjamin Graves, Jacob Sipe, and the Dean (Deane, Deen) and Harnsberger (Hansberger) families.

Wittig Store Ledger, 1886-1889.

SC 5043. Rockingham Cty. VA; 1/2 Hollinger Box & 1 folder of 1 ledger.

This collection contains one ledger with a client list and daily transactions. There are copies made of missing pages and badly discolored pages from the beginning pages.

WLR Foods Digital Records, 1948-2002 (bulk 1984-2000).
SC 2003. Rockingham County. VA; 645 items.
This digital collection contains over 5,000 scanned images representing 645 documents that pertain to the business endeavors, acquisitions, and publications of WLR Foods Incorporated.


*JMU Alum Papers* Stanley Wyatt Photographs, 1970-1972.
SC 0052. Harrisonburg, VA, James Madison University; 1 letter folder; .06 cubic feet.
Seven black-and-white photographs of Madison College and include campus views, construction, and building interiors.

"Young Eph's Lament" Song Sheet, ca. 1850-1899.
SC 0055. 1 letter folder; .06 cubic feet.
Hand-colored lithograph song sheet featuring four stanzas in stereotypical black dialect.

Zeno Bakery Postcard, 1937.
SC 0023. Bellows Falls, VT; 1 legal folder; .08 cubic feet.
Portrays Jimmie Packard, an African-American baker in a white chef’s coat and baker’s hat, as “Zeno’s Singing Baker.” The postcard, dated February 24, 1937, is addressed to Mrs. Pearl Allen of South Vernon, Massachusetts.

updated 10/18/06 th