Hoak Ledger, 1794-1855

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Summary Information

Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University
Hoak, Gasper
Hoak Ledger
Collection No.:
SC 0161
1 folder, .08 Cubic Feet
Language of the Material:
Language of the Material:
English, German
The Hoak Ledger, 1794-1855, is written primarily in German and includes entries for shoeing horses, repairing wagons, and sales of wheat and grain. It likely originated from Gasper Hoak of Page County, Virginia.

Preferred Citation

[identification of item], [box #, folder #], Hoak Ledger, 1794-1855, SC 0161, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Va.

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Bio/Historical Note

The Hoak Ledger, 1794-1855, was part of the personal collection of a Lexington, Virginia resident and is thought to have originated in Shenandoah or Page County, Virginia, where the Hoak family name can be documented.

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Scope and Content

On the last page is written "Gasper Hoak his book." Entries are mostly in German script with columns of numbers. According to Mr. John Stewart, James Madison University Faculty Emeritus and a native German speaker, the German entries refer frequently to shoeing horses, repairing wagons, and sales of wheat and grain. One page dated 1803 is in English and appears to be a recipe for whiskey.

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The ledger is bound and housed in a folder.

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Administrative Information

Revision Description

Converted to schema conforming EAD by dtd2schema.vh.xsl. 2013-11-21

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the James Madison University Special Collections Library to use this collection.

Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collection Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk (library-special@jmu.edu).

Acquisition Information

Purchased in June 2001 from Green Valley Auctions, Mt. Crawford, Virginia.

Processing Information

In order to streamline the process of applying collection numbers, Special Collections staff completed a large-scale renumbering campaign in 2017-2018. This collection was previously cataloged as SC 4023.


Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

880 Madison DriveMSC 1704Harrisonburg, Virginia 22807library-special@jmu.eduURL: https://www.lib.jmu.edu/special/

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Index Terms


  • Farmers -- Virginia -- Records and correspondence
  • Blacksmiths -- Virginia -- Records and correspondence
  • Account books -- Sources
  • Business records -- Sources
  • Virginia -- History, Local -- Sources

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Collection Inventory

Title/Description Instances
Hoak Ledger, 1794-1855 box 1 folder 1