Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27, A.F. and A.M. Collection, 1847-1905

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Summary Information

Repository:
Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University
Creator:
Rockingham Union Lodge no. 27, A.F. and A.M. of Harrisonburg (Va.)
Title:
Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27, A.F. and A.M. Collection
Collection No.:
SC 0177
Date:
1847-1905
Extent:
1 box, .59 Cubic Feet
Extent:
23 digital files, .27 Gigabytes
Language of the Material:
English
Language of the Material:
English
Abstract:
The Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27, A.F. and A.M. Collection, 1847-1905, is comprised of photocopies and digital images of pamphlets, newspapers, coins, broadsides and other records of the Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27, removed from the cornerstone of Rockingham Union Lodge No.27 located at 114 South Main Street, Harrisonburg, on November 28th 2006.

Preferred Citation

[identification of item], [box #, folder #], Rockingham Union Lodge No.27 A.F. and A.M. Collection, 1847-1905, SC 0177, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Va.

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Bio/Historical Note

The Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27 was charted on October 29, 1789. Many original lodge members had Masonic roots in England, Ireland, and Scotland prior to the establishment of a Grand Lodge in the New World. In 1777, delegates from several lodges in Virginia met to discuss establishing a Grand Lodge in the United States. As a result, the Grand Lodge of Virginia thus became the first Grand Lodge of Masonry in North America.

The first meeting place was reputedly at the residence of William Cravens, although there is some question as to whether Cravens ever actually owned a home in Harrisonburg. Some time after Cravens' death in 1793, there was talk of constructing a Masonic Temple. In 1795 a building committee was appointed to take charge of this task. A lot was purchased at the corner of Federal Alley and East Market Street and constructed soon thereafter. The first meeting at the new Masonic Temple, also known as Mason's Hall, was held on July 14, 1796.

By 1860, membership had grown enough to warrant a new temple. In February of that year, an agreement was made to exchange lots with D.H. Gambill, who owned property across East Market Street known as the "Old Stone Church," with the stipulation that the Lodge would occupy the upper floors of their original building for twelve months. However, the Lodge had the opportunity to purchase a lot from Thomas Yancey a few days later at the corner of South Main and Water Street for $600. The "Old Stone Church" property was advertised for sale, and sold in 1865 to J.R. Jones for $800. On July 4, 1860, a ceremony documenting the laying of the new cornerstone was held, and several items were sealed within it. On April 6, 1861, the new building was dedicated and available for use.

On December 5, 1892, with expansion in mind, the Lodge purchased the lot across the street, occupied by the Revere Hotel. Membership continued to grow, so by 1903 plans were made to demolish the hotel and construct a new temple on the hotel site, the cost of which was $18,000. The cornerstone from the old temple was opened and the contents removed. On September 5, 1905, during a ceremony for the laying of the new cornerstone, more items were added to the original collection and sealed. On December 27, 1906, the new temple at 114 South Main Street was ready to occupy.

On October 28, 2006, the cornerstone of Rockingham Union Lodge #27 was opened during renovations of the century-old building. A public banquet was held on December 4, 2006, during which the cornerstone's contents were displayed. The Lodge gave permission to allow the contents to be photocopied and scanned for research use. As of December 2006, the Lodge had not yet determined whether the original contents will be returned to the cornerstone after renovations are complete.

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Scope and Content

The Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27 A.F. and A.M. Collection is comprised of photocopies and scans of items removed from an 8"x10"x6" copper plated box in the cornerstone of the Masonic Temple at 114 S. Main Street in Harrisonburg, Virginia on November 28, 2006. Documents include a 20"x37" broadside advertising the laying of the 1860 cornerstone, photocopies of handwritten or typed lists of items to have been included in the cornerstone in 1860 and 1905, as well as a program, speech, and lists of officers, Lodge members, and members of the Ladies Masonic Association.

The collection contains pamphlets and small publications, including photocopies of by-laws of Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27 and the Royal Arch Chapter No. 6; addresses; and programs pertaining to the Lodge's centennial in 1889, the laying of the cornerstone of the Lodge in 1905, and for the cornerstone of the Rockingham County Court House in 1896.

The collection contains ephemera, such as photocopies of coins and currency, blank membership forms, a calendar, and other items of interests. The collection includes images of the following currencies: 1853 one dollar gold coin; 1857 silver half-dime; 1858 silver half-dollar; 1858 flying eagle one cent piece; 1858 silver three cent piece; 1859 silver quarter dollar; 1860 silver dime; 1861 gold-plated one cent piece; 1899 copper one cent piece; 1900 French copper 10 centime piece on fob of Thomas L. Williamson; 1902 five cent piece; and an undated three cent piece, and Confederate paper currency.

Newspapers primarily consists of photocopies and scans from 1860, 1905, and 1906, some of which are quite rare. The issues of the Virginia Citizen, Valley Democrat, Spirit of the Valley, and Harrisonburg Free Press may be the only extant issues for those dates. The September 6, 1905 editions of the Harrisonburg Daily News were found on top of the copper box in the cornerstone, as the box was sealed on September 5th.

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Arrangement

The collection is comprised of 13 folders, arranged in no particular order. Items are described at the item-level, and are further arranged alphabetically by document title.

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Administrative Information

Revision Description

Converted to schema conforming EAD by dtd2schema.vh.xsl.Updated by Sarah Roth-Mullet 2013-11-212019-04-08

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the James Madison University Special Collections Library to use this collection.

Acquisition Information

Items were made available for digitization and photocopying by the Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27 A.F. & A.M., December 2006, and then returned to donor.

Other Formats Available

Newspaper clippings and the 1860 Broadside were scanned and are available as digital files.

Location of Originals

The original materials are retained by the donor.

Processing Information

Newspapers and the Broadside were scanned on an Epson Expression 10000XL as tiff files (7003x4916 pixels) in May 2007 by Julia Merkel. Additionally, photographs of items within the collection, and the copper box were made by SC staff and are included in the digital files.

The cornerstone also contained seven publications that were retained by Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27 and not photocopied or scanned. They include The Daily Scripture Expositor (New York: American Tract Society, 1840); The Holy Bible (New York: American Bible Society, 1858); Proceedings of the 127th Grand Annual Communication of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Virginia (Richmond: Wm. Ellis Jones, 1905); Proceedings of the Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons of Virginia. (Petersburg: Frank A. Owen, 1904); Proceedings of the Grand Commandery of Knights Templar of Virginia (Petersburg: Frank A. Owen, 1904); Proceedings of the Grand Royal Arch Chapter of Virginia (Richmond: James E. Goode, 1859); Proceedings of an Occasional Grand Lodge of Va (Richmond: Chas. H. Wynne, 1859).

In order to streamline the process of applying collection numbers, Special Collections staff completed a large-scale renumbering campaign in the spring of 2017. This collection was previously cataloged as SC 4052. In 2019 the collection was minimally reprocessed; scanned documents were converted to jpeg and pdf files for access copies.

Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collections Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk. (library-special@jmu.edu).

Location

Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

880 Madison DriveMSC 1704Harrisonburg, Virginia 22807library-special@jmu.eduURL: https://www.lib.jmu.edu/special/

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Index Terms

Corporate Name

  • Rockingham Union Lodge no. 27, A.F. and A.M. of Harrisonburg (Va.)

Genre and Form

  • Facsimiles (reproductions)
  • Digital images
  • Pamphlets
  • coins (money)
  • broadsides (notices)
  • Membership lists
  • Newspapers
  • Speeches (Documents)

Geographic Name

  • Rockingham Union Lodge (Harrisonburg, Va.) -- History

Subject

  • Freemasons -- Virginia -- Harrisonburg
  • Freemasonry -- Virginia
  • Freemasonry -- Virginia -- Lodges -- Early works to 1800
  • Cornerstone laying -- Virginia -- Harrisonburg -- Sources
  • Rockingham Union Lodge (Harrisonburg, Va.)

Title

  • Harrisonburg Daily News (Harrisonburg, Va.)
  • Rockingham Register (Harrisonburg, Va.)
  • Rockingham Register and Advertiser (Harrisonburg, Va.)
  • Spirit of the Valley (Harrisonburg, Va.)
  • Valley Democrat (Harrisonburg, Va.)
  • Virginia Citizen (Harrisonburg, Va.)

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Bibliography

Bulluck, Steven C. http://leo.jmu.edu/record=b1585112~S0. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996

Mellott, Jeff. "Building on a Rock: Masons Keep Temple, Tenents Firmly Grounded." Daily News Record (Harrisonburg). November 29, 2006. pp. A1, A5.

http://leo.jmu.edu/record=b1316886~S0 Published as supplement to 10/27/1989 issue of Harrisonburg Daily News Record. Carrier Library Special Collections.

Rutyna, Richard and Peter Stewart. http://leo.jmu.edu/record=b1648247~S0 Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1998.

Wilton, J. Historical Sketch of Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27, A.F. and A.M., Harrisonburg, Virginia. October, 1889.

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Collection Inventory

Title/Description Instances
Documents, 1860-1905, undated box 1 folder 1
List of Articles deposited in this Corner Stone of Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27, July 4, 1860 box 1 folder 1
List of Articles Deposited in the Corner Stone of Masonic Temple, September 5, 1905 box 1 folder 1
List of names of Ladies who composed the Ladies Masonic Association, July 4, 1860 box 1 folder 1
List of Officers and members of Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27, undated box 1 folder 1
Masonic Oration, at the Laying of the Corner Stone of the Masonic Temple., July 4, 1860 box 1 folder 1
Officers and Members of Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27…, September 5, 1905 box 1 folder 1
Programme for September 5, 1905 at laying of Corner Stone to Masonic Temple, September 5, 1905 box 1 folder 1
Pamphlets and Small Publications, 1847–1905 box 1 folder 2
Address of Judge John Paul, delivered at the Laying of the Corner Stone of the Rockingham County Court House, October 15, 1896 box 1 folder 2
By-Laws for the Government of the Rockingham Union Lodge, No. 27 (Harrisonburg: J.H. Wartmann & Bros.), 1847 box 1 folder 2
By-Laws of Rockingham Union Lodge, No. 27 (Harrisonburg: Register Steam Job Print), 1889 box 1 folder 2
By-Laws of Rockingham Royal Arch Chapter, No. 6., 1879 box 1 folder 2
By-Laws of Rockingham Royal Arch Chapter, No. 6, undated box 1 folder 2
Ceremonies and Program for Laying the Corner Stone of Temple of Rockingham Union Lodge, September 5, 1905 box 1 folder 2
Historical Sketch of Rockingham Union Lodge, No. 27, October 29, 1889 box 1 folder 2
The History and Principles of Free Masonry.  An Address Delivered before Valley Royal Arch School, July 9, 1905 box 1 folder 2
Prize List Rockingham Horse and Colt Show Association, August 15-August 17, 1905 box 1 folder 2
Programme of the Laying of the Corner Stone of the Rockingham County Court House…by Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27, A.F. & A.M., October 15, 1896 box 1 folder 2
Record of the Valley Royal Arch School of Instruction, July 13, 1904 box 1 folder 2
Ephemera, 1853–1905 box 1 folder 3
Calendar, "Harrisonburg 1905", 1905 box 1 folder 3
Coins and Currency, 1853–1902 box 1 folder 3 Digital-materials SC0177-SET-001
First National Bank of Harrisonburg Condensed Report to the Comptroller, August 25, 1905 box 1 folder 3
Membership forms: Rockingham Union Lodge No. 27, A.F. and A.M., ca. 1905 box 1 folder 3
Membership forms: Rockingham Royal Arch Chapter, No. 6 R.A.M., ca. 1890 box 1 folder 3
Newspaper clipping used to wrap coins, undated box 1 folder 3
Newspaper clipping re laying of cornerstone, ca. 1905 box 1 folder 3
Ticket to Ladies' Masonic Dinner Ticket, undated box 1 folder 3
Ticket to The Kavanaugh, September 5, 1905 box 1 folder 3
Rockingham Royal Arch Chapter No. 6, Public Installation of Officers Elect, July 25, 1904 box 1 folder 3
Broadside, July 4, 1860 box 1 folder 4 Digital-materials SC0177-SET-001
Harrisonburg Daily News, August 28, 1905 box 1 folder 5 Digital-materials SC0177-SET-001
Harrisonburg Daily News, September 5, 1905 box 1 folder 6 Digital-materials SC0177-SET-001
Harrisonburg Daily News, September 6, 1905 box 1 folder 7 Digital-materials SC0177-SET-001
Harrisonburg Free Press, August 31, 1905 box 1 folder 8 Digital-materials SC0177-SET-001
Rockingham Register and Advertiser, September 5, 1905 box 1 folder 9 Digital-materials SC0177-SET-001
Rockingham Register and Advertiser, June 29, 1860 box 1 folder 10 Digital-materials SC0177-SET-001
Spirit of the Valley, September 1, 1905 box 1 folder 11 Digital-materials SC0177-SET-001
Valley Democrat, June 29, 1860 box 1 folder 12 Digital-materials SC0177-SET-001
Virginia Citizen, June 29, 1860 box 1 folder 13 Digital-materials SC0177-SET-001