Chalfant, Patricia Women’s Rights Collection, 1968-1978

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Summary Information

Repository:
Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University
Creator:
Chalfant, Patricia, 1941-2006
Title:
Patricia Chalfant Women's Rights Collection
Collection No.:
SC 0240
Date:
1968-1978
Extent:
3 boxes, 1 flat folder, 1.65 Cubic Feet
Language of the Material:
English
Abstract:
The Patricia Chalfant Women's Rights Collection, 1968-1978, is comprised of publications, ephemera, and conference material documenting second-wave feminism and the women's liberation movement. Key subjects include the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), the National Organization for Women (NOW), and various organized marches including the July 9, 1978 March for the Equal Rights Amendment in Washington, D.C.

Preferred Citation

[identification of item], [box #, folder #], Patricia Chalfant Women's Rights Collection, 1968-1978, SC 0240, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

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Bio/Historical Information

Patricia Jeanne Chalfant was born December 1, 1941 to Charles E. "Chap" Chalfant and Betty Hunter Chalfant of Christiana, Pennsylvania. She was a 1959 graduate of Octorara High School in Atglen, Pennsylvania and a 1962 graduate of Juniata College in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania. Chalfant continued her education by earning master's degrees from Drexel University and the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She also attained her Juris Doctor from the Delaware Law School in 1985. Chalfant served as an attorney for the United States Navy and as Associate Council for the Defence National Stockpile. She was regarded by colleagues as being politically active and an advocate for women's rights. She was an active member of the National Organization for Women and served as the president of the Wilmington, Delaware chapter of NOW. Chalfant died December 7, 2006 and is interred at Glen Run Cemetery in Atglen, Pennsylvania.

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Scope and Content

The Patricia Chalfant Women's Rights Collection, 1968-1978, is comprised of publications, ephemera, and conference material documenting second-wave feminism and the women's liberation movement. Key subjects include the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), the National Organization for Women (NOW), and various organized marches including the July 9, 1978 March for the Equal Rights Amendment in Washington, D.C.

Series 1: Publications, 1968-1978, comprises the bulk of the collection and includes newsletters, pamphlets, booklets and short published works on the topics of women's liberation, Title IX, the Equal Rights Amendment, and related feminist subjects.

Series 2: Conferences and Events, 1975-1978, documents national conferences, marches, and related women's rights events presumably attended by Patricia Chalfant. Materials from the 1975 (Philadelphia), 1977 (Detroit), and 1978 (Washington, D.C.) National Organization for Women national conferences are included. These materials include information on conference registration, program and lecture schedules, committees, election ballots, members, and getting around in the host city. Three folders of materials document the historic 1977 National Women's Conference in Houston, Texas. Newspaper clippings, information on conference programming and schedules, and member and delegate information provide additional context for this significant moment in the struggle for equal rights. Of particular interest are posters for a November 5, 1977 ERA rally and reception in Alexandria, Virginia. The event featured NOW President Eleanor Smeal and actresses Esther Rolle and Lily Tomlin. The oversize poster is signed by Lily Tomlin. Photographs are also included that document the 1978 ERA March on Washington.

Series 3: Ephemera, 1974-1978, includes blank postcards and note cards with feminist imagery, applied embroidery patterns for logos and feminist symbols, a broadside printed by Helaine Victoria Press, posters, ERA related stickers and sashes, and other miscellaneous items. Two oversize posters designed by feminist artist Judy Chicago are included.

Series 4: Oversize, 1975-1978, consists of one oversize flat file. The Oversize series consists of materials that have been physically removed from their intellectual arrangement due to their common size. The items in this series have been described in the previous series descriptions and as such, the Oversize series functions only as a container list.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged in 4 series:

Series 1: Publications, 1968-1978 Series 2: Conferences and Events, 1975-1978 Series 3: Ephemera, 1974-1978 Series 4: Oversize, 1975-1978

All series are arranged chronologically.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the James Madison University Special Collections Library to use this collection.

Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collections Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk (library-special@jmu.edu).

Acquisition Information

Received on December 12, 2015 from Reba Leiding, former librarian at JMU.

Provenance

This collection was orphaned in Reba Leiding's office in Carrier Library and she transferred the materials to Special Collections upon her retirement. The name Patricia Chalfant can be found on much of the materials, but no further information is known about the creator's connection to JMU or the collection's provenance. A collection inventory created by JMU student Emily Noonan was found in the box of Chalfant's materials. This document confirms that the material has been in the custody of JMU since at least 2006.

Processing Information

All publications are individually foldered with the exception of multi-issue serials which are foldered together by title. Materials related to conferences and events were removed from their original folders or binders and foldered by event.

Location

Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

880 Madison DriveMSC 1704Harrisonburg, Virginia 22807library-special@jmu.eduURL: https://www.lib.jmu.edu/special/

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Index Terms

Genre and Form

  • Publications (documents)
  • Pamphlets
  • Newsletters
  • Booklets
  • Posters
  • Bylaws (administrative records)
  • Color photographs
  • Printed Ephemera
  • Postcards
  • Embroidery (visual works)
  • Stickers

Subject

  • National Organization for Women -- History -- 20th century
  • Women's rights -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Feminism -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Second-wave feminism -- United States
  • Women -- Political activity -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Women -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States
  • Equal rights amendments -- United States

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Bibliography

Obituary for Patricia Jeanne Chalfant, Intelligencer Journal (Lancaster, PA), December 11, 2006.

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Collection Inventory

Series 1: Publications, 1968-1978

Title/Description Instances
Toward a Female Liberation Movement by Beverly Jones and Judith Brown, 1968 box 1 folder 1
Bread and Roses by Kathy McAfee and Myrna Wood, 1969 box 1 folder 2
Sex Roles and Female Oppression: A Collection of Essays by Dana Densmore, 1969 box 1 folder 3
The Social Construction of the Second Sex by Jo Freeman, 1970 box 1 folder 4
Manglish by Varda One, 1971 box 1 folder 5
Notes from the Third Year: Women's Liberation, 1971 box 1 folder 6
Women's Liberation: An Anthropological View by Minda Borun, et al., 1971 box 1 folder 7
The Women's Liberation Movement: Its Origins, Structures and Ideas by Jo Freeman, 1971 box 1 folder 8
Look Jane look. See sex stereotypes. by Women on Words and Images, 1972 box 1 folder 9
Sisterhood is Powerful by Betsey Stone, 1972 box 1 folder 10
Twelve Steps to Non-Sexist Masculinity by Roslyn Rettew, 1973 box 1 folder 11
The Monthly Extract: An Irregular Periodical, 1973 box 1 folder 12
Civil Rights Digest, Vol. 6 No. 3, Sexism and Racism: Feminist Perspectives, Spring 1974 box 1 folder 13
Is Biology Woman's Destiny by Evelyn Reed, 1974 box 1 folder 14
The Majority Wins: How to Build a Program for Legislative Change by Linda Joy, 1974 box 1 folder 15
Circle One: A Woman's Beginning Guide to Self Health and Sexuality, 1975 box 1 folder 16
The Erotization of Male Dominance Female Submission by Ellen Morgan, 1975 box 1 folder 17
Feminist Revolution by Redstockings, 1975 box 1 folder 18
Pennsylvania NOW, Vol. 3 No. 1, February 1975 box 1 folder 19
See How She Runs: Effective Political Techniques by Patricia Jo Smith, et al., 1975 box 1 folder 20
Tell-A-Woman, 1975 box 1 folder 21
Title IX, 1975 box 1 folder 22
Resource Booklet for Battered Spouses, 1977 box 1 folder 23
Women's Leadership Training Manual, 1977 box 1 folder 24
Aegis by Feminist Alliance Against Rape, September/October 1978 box 1 folder 25
March on Washington, July 9, 1978, For the Equal Rights Amendment: A Photographic Essay by Cully Miller and Chris Backus, 1978 box 2 folder 1
National Lampoon Presents Claire Bretécher, 1978 box 2 folder 2
Resource Booklet for Families in Crisis, 1978 box 2 folder 3
Delaware Today Magazine, Update on Women: New Dawn or False Horizon?, November 1978 box 2 folder 4
The Washington Equal Times, 1978 box 2 folder 5

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Series 2: Conferences and Events, 1975-1978

Title/Description Instances
Poster, International Women's Day, March 8, 1975 case Map folder 1
National Organization for Women National Conference [SELECTED ITEMS REMOVED TO OVERSIZE], 1975 box 2 folder 6
National Conference to Deal with Bylaws, 1976 box 2 folder 7
National Organization for Women National Conference, 1977 box 2 folder 8
ERA Stars in Virginia [SELECTED ITEMS REMOVED TO OVERSIZE], 1977 box 2 folder 9
National Women's Conference (Folder 1 of 3), 1977 box 2 folder 10
National Women's Conference (Folder 2 of 3), 1977 box 2 folder 11
National Women's Conference (Folder 3 of 3), 1977 box 2 folder 12
Photographs, ERA March on Washington, D.C., 1978 box 3 folder 1
National Organization for Women National Conference, 1978 box 3 folder 2

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Series 3: Ephemera, 1974-1978

Title/Description Instances
Cards and Postcards, 1974-1978, undated box 3 folder 3
Posters, Judy Chicago artwork, 1975, 1978 case Map folder 1
Applied embroidery patterns, feminist imagery [SELECTED ITEMS REMOVED TO OVERSIZE], undated box 3 folder 4
ERA stickers, sashes, and ruler, undated box 3 folder 5
Helaine Victoria Press Broadside, undated box 3 folder 6
Miscellaneous [SELECTED ITEMS REMOVED TO OVERSIZE], undated box 3 folder 7

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Series 4: Oversize, 1975-1978

Title/Description Instances
Poster, International Women's Day, March 8, 1975 case Map folder 1
Poster, National Organization for Women National Conference, 1975 case Map folder 1
Posters, Judy Chicago artwork, 1975, 1978 case Map folder 1
Poster, ERA Stars in Virginia, 1977 case Map folder 1
Applied embroidery pattern, feminist imagery, undated case Map folder 1
Bag, Helaine Victoria Press, undated case Map folder 1

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