Burruss, Julian A. Papers, 1904-2005 *JMU Papers*

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Summary Information

Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University
Burruss, Julian Ashby, 1876-1947
Julian A. Burruss Papers
Collection No.:
UA 0023
8 folders, .4 Cubic Feet
Language of the Material:
The collection contains papers and correspondences, reports and speeches by President Julian Ashby Burruss, first president of the State Normal and Industrial School for Women at Harrisonburg, and documents related to the founding of the school.

Preferred Citation

[identification of item], [box #, folder #], Julian Ashby Burruss Papers, 1904-2005, UA 0023, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

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Bio/Historical Note

Julian Burruss was the first president of the State Normal and Industrial School for Women at Harrisonburg, serving from 1908 to 1919. During his tenure, Burruss maintained a busy speaking schedule promoting the new school, actively recruited faculty and students, expanded administrative staff, oversaw the establishment of the Student Government Association, YWCA and other clubs and societies, and established special funds and scholarships available to eligible students. He oversaw many building projects, and created a long-range development plan for the school and grounds that would contain approximately 40 buildings and support a maximum enrollment of 1000 students.

During Burruss' tenure, the Normal School went from an enrollment of 11 women in 1909, to a graduating class of over 300 students in 1919. During his presidency, the Normal school transitioned from offering four years of high school and two years of post-high school professional programs and teaching certificates, to offering a four-year Bachelor Science degree in Education, in addition to other programs. Burruss was a strong advocate for industrial and vocational training, and established Harrisonburg Normal School as leader in manual arts, household arts and rural arts.

Burruss was born in Richmond, Virginia in 1876. He graduated from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) in 1889 with a degree in civil engineering, and did some graduate work at Columbia University. Prior to his presidency, he served four years as the head of the manual training program in the Richmond city schools. While in Harrisonburg, he was an officer in the Presbyterian church and served two years as president of the Harrisonburg Chamber of Commerce. In 1919, Burruss left the Normal School to become president of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in Blacksburg.

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Scope and Content

The Julian A. Burruss Papers contain documents related to the establishment of the State Normal and Industrial School for Women at Harrisonburg, including a 1904 report to the Joint Committee of the General Assembly of Virginia on Location of State Normal School titled "State Female Normal School: Reasons and Inducements for Its Location at Harrisonburg" by A. H. Snyder and George E Sipe. It also contains a newspaper clipping from the May 26, 1904 Daily News-Record – "Stating the case for Harrisonburg, Committee on Normal School here to investigate."

Of note in the correspondence file are Burruss' exchanges with and president of the senior class, Alpha Holcolme, regarding regulations proposed by senior class (1913), letters regarding Burruss' decision to accept the position of President at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute (1919), and correspondence with M'Ledge Moffett, Dean of Women at the State Teachers College in East Radford, Virginia (1939). The file contains photocopies of a 1917 letter from Burruss to George W. Chappelear, then of the Miller School in Virginia, inviting him to a position as a biology instructor and head of buildings and grounds.

The files include several reports and speeches, including the "Report and Bylaws, Virginia Normal School Board," July 1, 1914 - January 1, 1916, and a report titled "Normal School Organization and Administration: Some Recommendations Relative Thereto with Special Reference to the State Normal School for Women, Harrisonburg , Virginia," written in 1918.

The papers include news releases from 1914-1919, most of which were prepared for the Virginia Journal of Education.

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Documents are arranged topically. Papers that are noted as originating from R.C. Dingledine and Dr. John Wayland are contained in folders of the same title.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the James Madison University Special Collections Library to use this collection.

Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collections Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk (library-special@jmu.edu).

Acquisition Information

Some papers contain a handwritten note in the margins indicating that they were received from R.C. Dingledine in 1984.


Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

880 Madison DriveMSC 1704Harrisonburg, Virginia 22807library-special@jmu.eduURL: https://www.lib.jmu.edu/special/

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Related Materials

Related Materials

Records of Julian A. Burruss, President, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, RG 2/8, Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.

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Index Terms

Genre and Form

  • Manuscripts (documents)
  • Newspaper clippings
  • Letters (correspondence)
  • Speeches (Documents)


  • State Normal and Industrial School for Women (Harrisonburg, Va.) -- History
  • State Normal and Industrial School for Women (Harrisonburg, Va.) -- Administration
  • State Normal School for Women at Harrisonburg (Harrisonburg, Va.) -- History
  • State Normal School for Women at Harrisonburg (Harrisonburg, Va.) -- Administration
  • James Madison University -- History
  • James Madison University -- Administration
  • Education, Higher -- Virginia -- History
  • Teachers colleges -- History
  • College presidents -- Virginia
  • Universities and colleges -- Virginia -- Administration
  • Harrisonburg (Va.) -- History -- 20th century

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Dingledine, Raymond C. Dingledine, Jr. Madison College: the First Fifty Years, 1908-1958, Harrisonburg, VA : Madison College. 1959.

"President Burruss Papers," Founding Documents in Special Collections, James Madison University. Accessed January 8, 2018. http://www.lib.jmu.edu/special/FoundingDocs/burruss/default.aspx.

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Collection Inventory

Title/Description Instances
Founding Documents, 1904-1908 box 1 folder 1
Reports and Speeches, 1910-1931 box 1 folder 2
Correspondences, 1910-1939, 2005 box 1 folder 3
News Releases, 1914-1919 box 1 folder 4
Programs, 1915-1917 box 1 folder 5
Papers from John Wayland file, 1919-1932 box 1 folder 6
Papers received from R. C. Dingledine, 1984 box 1 folder 7
Newspaper clippings (photocopies), 1904-1937 box 1 folder 8